Today in History
September 28

48 BC   On landing in Egypt, Pompey is murdered on the orders of Ptolemy.
855   The Emperor Lothar dies in Gaul, and his kingdom is divided between his three sons.
1066   William, Duke of Normandy, soon to be known as William the Conqueror invades England.
1106   King Henry of England defeats his brother Robert at the Battle of Tinchebrai and reunites England and Normandy.
1238   James of Aragon retakes Valencia, Spain, from the Arabs.
1607   Samuel de Champlain and his colonists return to France from Port Royal Nova Scotia.
1794   The Anglo-Russian-Austrian Alliance of St. Petersburg, which is directed against France, is signed.
1864   Union General William Rosecrans blames his defeat at Chickamauga on two of his subordinate generals. They are later exonerated by a court of inquiry.
1874   Colonel Ronald Mackenzie raids a war camp of Comanche and Kiowa at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their horses.
1904   A woman is placed under arrest for smoking a cigarette on New York’s Fifth Avenue.
1912   W.C. Handy’s “Memphis Blues” is published.
1913   Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi, kill 10 people.
1924   Three U.S. Army aircraft arrive in Seattle, Washington after completing a 175-day round-the-world flight.
1928   Sir Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin when he notices a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory; it remained for Howard Florey and Ernst Chain to isolate the active ingredient, allowing the “miracle drug” to be developed in the 1940s.
1939   Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agree on a division of Poland; Warsaw surrenders to German troops.
1958   France ratifies a new constitution.
1959   Explorer VI, the U.S. satellite, takes the first video pictures of Earth.
1961   A military coup in Damascus ends the Egypt-Syria union known as the United Arab Republic that was formed Feb. 1, 1958.
1963   Roy Lichtenstein’s pop art work Whaam!, depicting in comic-book style a US jet shooting down an enemy fighter, is exhibited for the first time; it will become one of the best known examples of pop art.
1995   Israel’s Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) leader Yasser Arafat sign an interim agreement concerning settlement on the Gaza Strip.
1996   Afghanistan’s former president (1986-92) Mohammad Najibullah is tortured and murdered by the Taliban.
2008   SpaceX launches the first private spacecraft, Falcon 1.
Born on September 28
1820   Friedrich Engels, socialist who collaborated with Karl Marx on The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital.
1901   Ed Sullivan, television host.
1909   Al Capp, cartoonist who created the “Li’l Abner” comic strip.
1915   Ethel Rosenberg, who, with her husband Julius, became one of the first American civilians executed for espionage.
1924   Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (La Dolce Vita, 8 1/2).
1934   Brigitte Bardot, French actress.
1938   Ben E. King, lead singer of The Drifters and composer of “Spanish Harlem” and “Stand by Me.”
1938   Koko Taylor, blues singer.
1939   Stuart Kauffman, theoretical biologist renowned for his work in studying the origin of life and the origins of molecular organization.
1943   Winston “Win” Percy, three-time British Touring Car Champion, regarded by many as the World’s Number One Touring Car Driver
1960   Jennifer Rush, singer, songwriter (“The Power of Love”).

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