Today in History
September 22

1656 The General Provincial Court in session at Patuxent, Maryland, impanels the first all-woman jury in the Colonies to hear evidence against Judith Catchpole, who is accused of murdering her child. The jury acquits her after hearing her defense of never having been pregnant.
1711 The Tuscarora Indian War begins with a massacre of settlers in North Carolina, following white encroachment that included the enslaving of Indian children.
1776 American Captain Nathan Hale is hanged as a spy by the British in New York City; his last words are reputed to have been, “I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country.”
1789 Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov drive the Turkish army under Yusuf Pasha from the Rymnik River, upsetting the Turkish invasion of Russia.
1862 President Abraham Lincoln issues a proclamation calling for all slaves within the rebel states to be freed on January 1, a political move that helps keep the British from intervening on the side of the South.
1864 Union General Philip Sheridan defeats Confederate General Jubal Early‘s troops at the Battle of Fisher’s Hill in Virginia.
1869 The Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team, arrive in San Francisco after a rollicking, barnstorming tour of the West.
1893 Bicycle makers Charles and Frank Duryea show off the first American automobile produced for sale to the public by taking it on a maiden run through the streets of Springfield, Massachusetts.
1906 Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia leave 21 people dead.
1914 The German cruiser Emden shells Madras, India, destroying 346,000 gallons of fuel and killing only five civilians.
1915 Xavier University, the first African-American Catholic college, opens in New Orleans, Louisiana.
1918 General Allenby leads the British army against the Turks, taking Haifa and Nazareth, Palestine.
1919 President Woodrow Wilson abandons his national tour to support the League of Nations when he suffers a case of nervous exhaustion.
1929 Communist and Nazi factions clash in Berlin.
1945 President Harry Truman accepts U.S. Secretary of War Stimson’s recommendation to designate the war World War II.
1947 A Douglas C-54 Skymaster makes the first automatic pilot flight over the Atlantic.
1961 President John Kennedy signs a congressional act establishing the Peace Corps.
1969 Willie Mays of the San Francisco Giants becomes the first baseball player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 home runs.
1970 President Richard M. Nixon signs a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress.
1975 Sara Jane Moore attempts to assassinate US President Gerald Ford, the second attempt on his life in less than three weeks.
1980 The Iran-Iraq War begins as Iraq invades Iran; lasting until August 1988, it was the longest conventional war of the 20th century.
1991 Huntington Library makes the Dead Sea Scrolls available to the public for the first time.
Born on September 22
1515 Anne of Cleeves (born in Cleeves, Germany), fourth wife of Henry the VIII.
1694 Philip Dormer Stanhope, statesman of letters.
1788 Theodore Hook, English novelist best known for Impromptu at Fulham.
1791 Michael Faraday, English physicist, inventor of the dynamo, the transformer and the electric motor.
1885 Erich Von Stroheim, director, actor and screenwriter best known for Greed.
1902 John Houseman, director, producer and actor.
1909 David Riesman, sociologist, author of The Lonely Crowd.
1927 Tommy Lasorda, manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team from 1975 to 1996.
1933 Fay Weldon, author (The Life and Loves of a She-Devil).
1939 Junko Tabei, Japanese mountain climber; first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
1949 James “Hoss” Cartwright, US Marine Corps general; commander of US Strategic Command 2004-07.
1956 Debby Boone, multiple Grammy Award–winning singer, author, actress; “You Light Up My Life” set a a record in 1977 with 10 weeks at the No. 1 spot on music charts.
1958 Joan Jett, singer, songwriter, musician, producer, actress (“I Love Rock ‘n’ Roll”).
1959 Saul Perlmutter, astrophysicist; shared the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics for providing evidence the expansion of the universe is accelerating.
1971 Princess Martha Louise of Norway.

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