Today in History: September 13

Today in History

September 13
1515 King Francis of France defeats the Swiss army under Cardinal Matthaus Schiner at Marignano, northern Italy.
1549 Pope Paul III closes the first session of the Council of Bologna.
1564 On the verge of attacking Pedro Menendez’s Spanish settlement at San Agostin, Florida, Jean Ribault’s French fleet is scattered by a devastating storm.
1759 British troops defeat the French on the plains of Abraham, in Quebec.
1774 Anne Robert Turgot, the new controller of finances, urges the king of France to restore the free circulation of grain in the kingdom.
1782 The British fortress at Gibraltar comes under attack by French and Spanish forces.
1788 The Constitutional Convention authorizes the first federal election resolving that electors in all the states will be appointed on January 7, 1789.
1789 Guardsmen in Orleans, France, open fire on rioters trying to loot bakeries, killing 90.
1846 General Winfield Scott takes Chapultepec, removing the last obstacle to U.S. troops moving on Mexico City.
1862 Union troops in Frederick, Maryland, discover General Robert E. Lee‘s attack plans for the invasion of Maryland wrapped around a pack of cigars. They give the plans to General George B. McClellan who sends the Army of the Potomac to confront Lee but only after a delay of more than half a day.
1863 The Loudoun County Rangers route a company of Confederate cavalry at Catoctin Mountain in Virginia.
1905 U.S. warships head to Nicaragua on behalf of American William Albers, who was accused of evading tobacco taxes.
1918 U.S. and French forces take St. Mihiel, France in America’s first action as a standing army.
1945 Iran demands the withdrawal of Allied forces.
1951 In Korea, U.S. Army troops begin their assault in Heartbreak Ridge. The month-long struggle will cost 3,700 casualties.
1961 An unmanned Mercury capsule is orbited and recovered by NASA in a test.
1976 The United States announces it will veto Vietnam’s UN bid.
1988 Hurricane Gilbert becomes the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere, based on barometric pressure. Hurricane Wilma will break that record in 2005.
1993 The Oslo Accords, granting limited Palestinian autonomy, are signed by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House.
2007 The UN adopts a non-binding Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
2008 Five synchronized bomb blasts occur in crowded locations of Delhi, India, killing at least 30 people and injuring more than 100; four other bombs are defused.
2008 Hurricane Ike makes landfall in Texas; it had already been the most costly storm in Cuba’s history and becomes the third costliest in the US.
Born on September 13
1847 Milton Hershey, founder of the famous candy company.
1851 Walter Reed, U.S. Army doctor who discovered a cure for yellow fever.
1860 John J. Pershing, “Black Jack” who led the campaign against Pancho Villa in Mexico and Commanded the American Expeditionary Force in France during World War I.
1863 Franz von Hipper, German naval commander at the Battle of Jutland in World War I.
1886 Alain Locke, writer and first African-American Rhodes scholar.
1894 John B. Priestley, British novelist and playwright.
1903 Claudette Colbert, actress who won an Oscar for It Happened One Night.
1911 Bill Monroe, musician, the Father of Bluegrass.
1911 Roald Dahl, writer, best known for his children’s books such as James and the Giant Peach.
1922 Tony “Charles” Brown, blues singer and musician (*Merry Christmas Baby”).
1925 Melvin “Mel” Torme, jazz singer, musician, composer and arranger (“The Christmas Song,” AKA “Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire”); nicknamed the “Velvet Fog.”.
1926 Andrew Brimmer, economist; first African American to serve as governor of the Federal Reserve System (1966-74).
1938 Judith Martin, journalist and author best known as “Miss Manners” for her syndicated newspaper column on etiquette.
1944 Peter Cetera, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; a member of the band Chicago before embarking on a solo career (“After All,” “Hard to Say I’m Sorry”).
1948 Nell Carter, singer and actress; won Tony and Emmy awards (Ain’t Misbehaving).
1967 Michael Johnson, Olympic sprinter; won four Olympic gold medals and eight World Championship gold medals.
1973  Mahima Chaudhry, Indian actress, model; won a Bollywood Movie Award for Dhadkan (2001).
1980 Ben Savage, actor (Boy Meets World TV series).

2 Responses to Today in History: September 13

  1. Dave Walker says:

    Thanks; regarding Milton Hershey’s birthday. We were there just this past July.

  2. Randy J says:

    1967 – No name cited, but it’s Michael Johnson.

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