Today in History: September 5

Today in History

September 5
1666 The Great Fire of London is extinguished after two days.
1664 After days of negotiation, the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British, who will rename it New York.
1792 Maximilien Robespierre is elected to the National Convention in France.
1804 US Navy lieutenant Richard Somers and members of his crew are buried at Tripoli; they died when the USS Intrepid exploded while entering Tripoli harbor on a mission to destroy the enemy fleet there during the First Barbary War.
1816 Louis XVIII of France dissolves the chamber of deputies, which has been challenging his authority.
1859 Harriet E. Wilson’s Our Nig, is published. It is the first U.S. novel by an African-American woman.
1867 The first shipment of cattle leaves Abilene, Kansas, on a Union Pacific train headed to Chicago.
1870 Author Victor Hugo returns to Paris from the Isle of Guernsey where he had lived in exile for almost 20 years.
1877 The great Sioux warrior Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted at age 36 by a soldier at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.
1878 Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Bill Tilghman and Clay Allison, four of the West’s most famous gunmen, meet in Dodge City, Kansas.
1905 The Russian-Japanese War ends as representatives of the combating empires, meeting in New Hampshire, sign the Treaty of Portsmouth. Japan achieves virtually all of its original war aims.
1910 Marie Curie demonstrates the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
1944 Germany launches its first V-2 missile at Paris, France.
1958 Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested in an Alabama protest for loitering and fined $14 for refusing to obey police.
1960 Leopold Sedar Senghor, poet and politician, is elected president of Senegal, Africa.
1969 Charges are brought against US lieutenant William Calley in the March 1968 My Lai Massacre during the Vietnam War.
1972 “Black September,” a Palestinian terrorist group takes 11 Israeli athletes hostage at the Olympic Games in Munich; by midnight all hostages and all but 3 terrorists are dead.
1975 President Gerald Ford evades an assassination attempt in Sacramento, California.
1977 Hanns-Martin Schleyer, a German business executive who headed a powerful organization and had been an SS officer during WW2, is abducted by the left-wing extremist group Red Army Faction, who execute him on Oct. 18.
1977 Voyager 1 space probe launched.
1978 Israel’s Menachem Begin and Egypt’s Anwar Sadat begin discussions on a peace process, at Camp David, Md.
1980 The world’s longest tunnel opens; Switzerland’s St. Gotthard Tunnel stretches 10.14 miles (16.224 km) from Goschenen to Airolo.
1984 The Space Shuttle Discovery lands afters its maiden voyage.
1996 Hurricane Fran comes ashore near Cape Fear, No. Car. It will kill 27 people and cause more than $3 billion in damage.
Born on September 5
1568 Tommaso Campanella, Italian philosopher and poet, who wrote City of the Sun.
1638 Louis XIV, “The Sun King” of France who built the palace at Versailles.
1842 Jesse James, legendary outlaw of the American West.
1897 A.C. Nielsen, founder of the Nielsen Ratings.
1905 Arthur Koestler, Hungarian novelist and essayist who wrote about communism in Darkness at Noon and The Ghost in the Machine.
1912 John Cage, inventive composer, writer, philosopher, and artist.
1912 Franklin “Frank” Thomas, one of the “Nine Old Men” among Walt Disney’s team of animators.
1921 Jack Valenti, an American film executive who created the MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America) voluntary system for rating film content as a guide for parents.
1929 Bob Newhart, deadpan standup comedian and TV actor (The Bob Newhart Show).
1934 Carol Lawrence, actress and singer (Maria in the Broadway version of West Side Story).
1940 Raquel Welch, actress (One Million Years B.C., Myra Breckinridge).
1942 Werner Herzog (Stipetic), director, producer, screenwriter, actor; a leading figure in New German Cinema (Heart of Glass, Encounters at the End of the World).
1945 Al Stewart, singer, songwriter, musician (“Year of the Cat,” “Roads to Moscow”).
1950 Cathy Guisewite, cartoonist, creator of Cathy.
1953 Victor Davis Hanson, military historian, columnist; received the National Humanities Award (2007).
1989 Katerina Graham, actress, model, singer, dancer (The Vampire Diaries TV series).

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