Today in History: September 1

Today in History

September 1
1676 Nathaniel Bacon leads an uprising against English Governor William Berkeley at Jamestown, Virginia, resulting in the settlement being burned to the ground. Bacon’s Rebellion came in response to the governor’s repeated refusal to defend the colonists against the Indians.
1773 Phillis Wheatley, a slave from Boston, publishes a collection of poetry, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, in London.
1807 Aaron Burr is arrested in Mississippi for complicity in a plot to establish a Southern empire in Louisiana and Mexico.
1821 William Becknell leads a group of traders from Independence, Mo., toward Santa Fe on what would become the Santa Fe Trail.
1836 Protestant missionary Dr. Marcus Whitman leads a party to Oregon. His wife, Narcissa, is one of the first white women to travel the Oregon Trail. The Oregon Trail emigrants who chose to follow Stephen Meek thought his shortcut would save weeks of hard travel. Instead, it brought them even greater misery.
1864 Confederate forces under General John Bell Hood evacuate Atlanta in anticipation of the arrival of Union General William T. Sherman‘s troops.
1870 The Prussian army crushes the French at Sedan, the last battle of the Franco-Prussian War.
1876 The Ottomans inflict a decisive defeat on the Serbs at Aleksinac.
1882 The first Labor Day is observed in New York City by the Carpenters and Joiners Union.
1894 By an act of Congress, Labor Day is declared a national holiday.
1902 The Austro-Hungarian army is called into the city of Agram to restore the peace as Serbs and Croats clash.
1904 Helen Keller graduates with honors from Radcliffe College.
1905 Alberta and Saskatchewan become Canadian provinces.
1916 Bulgaria declares war on Romania as the First World War expands.
1923 An earthquake levels the Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama, killing 300,000.
1939 Germany invades Poland, beginning World War II in Europe.
1942 A federal judge in Sacramento, Cal., upholds the government’s detention of Japanese-Americans and Japanese nationals as a war measure.
1951 Australia, New Zealand and the United States sign the ANZUS Treaty, a mutual defense pact.
1969 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi seizes power in Libya following a coup.
1970 Dr. Hugh Scott of Washington, D.C. becomes the first African-American superintendent of schools in a major U.S. city.
1972 America’s Bobby Fischer beats Russia’s Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, to become world chess champion.
1979 The US spacecraft Pioneer 11 makes the first-ever flyby of Saturn.
1985 The wreck of the Titanic is found by Dr. Robert Ballard and Jean Louis Michel in a joint U.S. and French expedition.
1998 On National Day, Vietnam releases 5,000 prisoners, including political dissidents.
2004 Armed terrorists take children and adults hostage in the Beslan school hostage crisis in North Ossetia, Russia.
Born on September 1
1789 Lady Marguerite Blessington, English socialite and author who wrote a biography of Lord Byron.
1795 James Gordon Bennett, editor of the New York Sun, the first tabloid-sized daily newspaper.
1875 Edgar Rice Burroughs, novelist who created Tarzan, the Ape Man.
1907 Walter Reuther, labor leader who merged the American Federation of Labor with the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
1923 Rocky Marciano, world heavyweight boxing champion who retired undefeated.
1939 Seiji Ozawa, conductor.
1939 Lily Tomlin, multiple-award-winning actress, comedian, writer, producer (Laugh-In, Nashville, The Magic School Bus).
1942 C. J. Cherryh, fantasy and science fiction author (The Chanur series, Gene Wars, Heroes in Hell).
1946 Greg Errico, drummer and producer (Sly & the Family Stone).
1957 Gloria Estefan, singer, songwriter, actress; among the top-selling 100 artists worldwide (“Words Get in the Way,” “Anything for You”).
1968 Mohamed Atta, Egyptian terrorist; a ringleader of the 9/11 attacks who piloted American Airlines Flight 11 into the World Trade Center’s North Tower.
1974 Yutaka Yamamoto, founder of Ordet animation studios (Kannagi: Crazy Shrine Maidens).

One Response to Today in History: September 1

  1. Lena says:

    Phillips wheatly

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