Today in History
October 22

741 Charles Martel of Gaul dies at Quierzy. His mayoral power is divided between his two sons, Pepin III and Carloman.
1707 Four warships in a Royal Navy fleet off the Isles of Scilly run aground in severe weather because their navigators are unable to accurately calculate their positions. Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and more than 1,500 sailors aboard the wrecked vessels drown, making the incident one of the worst maritime disasters in the history of the British Isles. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1746 Princeton University, in New Jersey, receives its charter.
1797 The first successful parachute descent is made by Andre-Jacques Garnerin, who jumps from a balloon at some 2,200 feet over Paris.
1824 The Tennessee Legislature adjourns ending David “Davy” Crockett‘s state political career.
1836 Sam Houston is sworn in as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
1862 Union troops push 5,000 confederates out of Maysville, Ark., at the Second Battle of Pea Ridge.
1859 Spain declares war on the Moors in Morocco.
1907 Ringling Brothers buys Barnum & Bailey.
1914 The U.S. places their economic support behind Allies.
1918 The cities of Baltimore and Washington run out of coffins during the “Spanish Influenza” epidemic.
1938 Chester Carlson invents the photocopier. He tries to sell the machine to IBM, RCA, Kodak and others, but they see no use for a gadget that makes nothing but copies.
1954 As a result of the Geneva accords granting Communist control over North Vietnam, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes a crash program to train the South Vietnamese Army.
1955 The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight.
1962 The U.S. reveals Soviet missile sites in Cuba. President John F. Kennedy orders a naval and air blockade on further shipments of military equipment to Cuba. Following a confrontation that threatens nuclear war, Kennedy and Khrushchev agree on October 28 on a formula to end the crisis. On November 2 Kennedy reports that Soviet missile bases in Cuba are being dismantled.
1964 Jean Paul Sartre declines the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1966 The Soviet Union launches Luna 12 for orbit around the moon
1972 Operation Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ends.
1978 The Papal inauguration of Pope John Paul II takes place; born Karol Jozef Wojtyla. The Polish-born Wojtyla is the first non-Italian pope since Pope Adrian VI died in 1523; he would become the second-longest serving pope in the history of the Papacy and exercise considerable influence on events of the later portion of the 20th century.
1981 The US Federal Labor Relations authority decertifies the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) from representing federal air traffic controllers, as a result of a PATCO strike in August that was broken by the Reagan Administration.
1999 Maurice Papon, formerly an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity for his role in deporting more than 1,600 Jews to concentration camps.
2005 Tropical Storm Alpha forms, making 2005 the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
Born on October 22
1811 Franz Liszt, piano virtuoso.
1882 N.C. Wyeth, painter famous for his illustrations of Treasure Island and Robin Hood.
1887 John Reed, American journalist, poet and revolutionary, (Ten Days That Shook the World).
1903 George Beadle, American geneticist.
1919 Doris Lessing, novelist (Children of Violence, The Golden Notebook).
1920 Timothy Leary, American psychologist who experimented with psychedelic drugs.
1925 Robert Rauschenberg, pop artist.
1935 Ann Rule, true crime author (The Stranger Beside Me).
1936 Bobby Seale, American political activist; co-founder of the Black Panther Party.
1938 Christopher Lloyd, actor; (Back to the Future Film series; Who Framed Roger Rabbit; won three Emmys, two of them for his role as Jim Ignatoski in Taxi TV series).
1939 Joaquim Chissano, second President of Mozambique (1986–2005); credited with transforming Mozambique into one of Africa’s most successful democracies.
1942 Annette Funicello, actress, singer; one of the most popular Mouseketeers on the original Mickey Mouse Club TV series.
1948 Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, unsuccessfully attempted to assassinate Pres. Gerald Ford on Sept. 5, 1975.
1952 Jeff Goldblum, actor (Jurassic Park; Independence Day).

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