Today in History
October 16

1555   The Protestant martyrs Bishop Hugh Latimer and Bishop Nicholas Ridley are burned at the stake for heresy in England.
1701   Yale University is founded as The Collegiate School of Killingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who consider Harvard too liberal.
1793   Queen Marie Antoinette is beheaded by guillotine during the French Revolution.
1859   Abolitionist John Brown, with 21 men, seizes the U.S. Armory at Harpers Ferry, Va. U.S. Marines capture the raiders, killing several. John Brown is later hanged in Virginia for treason.
1901   President Theodore Roosevelt incites controversy by inviting black leader Booker T. Washington to the White House.
1908   The first airplane flight in England is made at Farnborough, by Samuel Cody, a U.S. citizen.
1934   Mao Tse-tung decides to abandon his base in Jiangxi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists. With his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he sets out on the “Long March.”
1940   Benjamin O. Davis becomes the U.S. Army’s first African American Brigadier General.
1946   Ten Nazi war criminals are hanged in Nuremberg, Germany.
1973   Israeli General Ariel Sharon crosses the Suez Canal and begins to encircle two Egyptian armies.
1995   The Million Man March for ‘A Day of Atonement’ takes place in Washington, D.C.
1998   General Augusto Pinochet, the former dictator of Chile, is arrested in London for extradition on murder charges
Born on October 16
1758   Noah Webster, U.S. teacher, lexicographer and publisher who wrote the American Dictionary of the English Language.
1797   Lord Cardigan, leader of the famed Light Brigade.
1849   George Washington Williams, historian, clergyman and politician.
1854   Oscar Wilde, dramatist, poet, novelist and critic.
1886   David Ben-Gurion, Israeli statesman.
1888   Eugene O’Neill, Nobel Prize-winning playwright (Long Day’s Journey Into Night, The Iceman Cometh).
1898   William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.
1906   Cleanth Brooks, Kentucky-born writer and educator.
1919   Kathleen Winsor, writer, Forever Amber.
1925   Angela Lansbury, stage, screen, and TV actress
1927   Gunter Grass, novelist, playwright, painter and sculptor best known for his first novel, The Tin Drum.
1930   Dan Pagis, Romanian-born Israeli poet.
1931   Charles “Chuck” Colson, special counsel to Pres. Richard Nixon (1969-73);  one of the “Watergate Seven,” he was sentenced to prison for obstruction of justice.
1949   Suzanne Somers, actress (Three’s Company TV series).
1958   Tim Robbins, actor, screenwriter, director, producer; won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in Mystic River 2003.
1969   Roy Hargrove, jazz trumpeter; won Grammy Awards for albums in 1998 (Habana) and 2002 (Directions in Music).
1977   John Mayer, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; won a Grammy for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance (“Your Body is a Wonderland,” 2003).
2003   Princess Kritika of Nepal.

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