October 12

1492   Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas.
1576   Rudolf II, the king of Hungary and Bohemia, succeeds his father, Maximilian II, as Holy Roman Emperor.
1702   Admiral Sir George Rooke defeats the French fleet off Vigo.
1722   Shah Sultan Husayn surrenders the Persian capital of Isfahan to Afghan rebels after a seven month siege.
1809   Meriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark expedition, dies under mysterious circumstances in Tennessee.
1899   The Anglo-Boer War begins.
1872   Apache leader Cochise signs a peace treaty with General Howard in Arizona Territory.
1915   Despite international protests, Edith Cavell, an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners.
1943   The U.S. Fifth Army begins an assault crossing of the Volturno River in Italy.
1944   The Axis occupation of Athens comes to an end. The occupation has ruined the Greek economy and brought about terrible hardships for the Greek civilian population, more than 40,000 of whom have died in Athens alone from starvation. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1960   Inejiro Asanuma, leader of the Japan Socialist Party, is assassinated during a live TV broadcast.
1964   The USSR launches Voskhod I, the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew; it is also the first mission in which the crew does not wear space suits.
1970   President Richard Nixon announces the pullout of 40,000 more American troops in Vietnam by Christmas.
1971   The House of Representatives passes the Equal Rights Amendment 354-23.
1984   The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonates a bomb at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, England, in an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; 5 people are killed and 31 wounded.
1999   Chief of Army Staff Pervez Musharraf seizes power in Pakistan through a bloodless military coup.
2000   Suicide bombers at Aden, Yemen, damage the USS Cole; 17 crew members are killed and over 35 are wounded.
2002   Terrorist bombers kill over 200 and wound over 300 more at the Sari Club in Kuta, Bali.
Born on October 12
1537   Edward VI, the only son of Henry VIII by his third wife Jane Seymour.
1868   Charles Sumner Greene, architect.
1929   Richard Coles, child psychologist and author.
1932   Dick Gregory, comedian and social activist.
1935   Luciano Pavarotti, Italian opera tenor.
1944   Angela Rippon, first female journalist to present BBC national television news on a permanent basis.
1947   Chris Wallace, former host/moderator of Meet the Press, currently (2013) host of Fox News Sunday; the three-time Emmy winner is the only person thus far to host more than one major Sunday political talk show.
1949   Carlos the Jackal (Ilich Ramirez Sanchez), one of the most infamous political terrorists of the 1970s; currently (2013) serving a life term in France.
1955   Ante Gotovina, Croatian lieutenant general; convicted in 2011 of war crimes during the Croatian civil war, his conviction was overturned in 2012.
1968   Hugh Jackman, actor; well known for his recurring role as Wolverine in the X-Men films, his many awards include a Golden Globe (Les Miserables, 2013) and a Tony Award Special Award for Extraordinary Contribution to the Theatre Community (2012).

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