Today in History
November 10

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Antigua during his second expedition.
1556 The English explorer Richard Chancellor is drowned off Aberdeenshire on his return from a second voyage to Russia.
1647 All Dutch-held areas of New York are returned to English control by the treaty of Westminster.
1775 The U.S. Marine Corps is founded.
1782 In the last battle of the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark attacks Indians and Loyalists at Chillicothe, in Ohio Territory.
1871 Henry M. Stanley finds Dr. Livingstone at Ujiji near Unyanyembe in Africa.
1879 Little Bighorn participant Major Marcus Reno is caught window-peeping at the daughter of his commanding officer—an offense for which he will be courtmartialed.
1911 President Howard Taft ends a 15,000-mile, 57-day speaking tour.
1911 The Imperial government of China retakes Nanking.
1917 Forty-one US suffragettes are arrested protesting outside the White House.
1938 Fascist Italy enacts anti-Semitic legislation.
1941 Winston Churchill promises to join the U.S. “within the hour” in the event of war with Japan.
1942 Admiral Jean Darlan orders French forces in North Africa to cease resistance to the Anglo-American forces.
1952 The U.S. Supreme Court upholds the decision barring segregation on interstate railways.
1961 Andrew Hatcher is named associate press secretary to President John F. Kennedy.
1962 Eleanor Roosevelt is buried. She had died three days earlier.
1964 Australia begins a draft to fulfill its commitment in Vietnam.
1969 The PBS children’s program Sesame Street debuts.
1971 Two women are tarred and feathered in Belfast for dating British soldiers, while in Londonderry, Northern Ireland a Catholic girl is also tarred and feathered for her intention of marrying a British soldier.
1972 Hijackers divert a jet to Detroit, demanding $10 million and ten parachutes.
1975 The iron ore freighter Edmund Fitzgerald breaks in half and sinks at the eastern end of Lake Superior–all 29 crew members perish.
1986 President Ronald Reagan refuses to reveal details of the Iran arms sale.
1989 German citizens begin tearing down the Berlin Wall.
1997 WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a merger, the largest in US history up to that time.
2008 NASA declares the Phoenix mission concluded after losing communications with the lander, five months after it began its exploration on the surface of Mars.
2009 North Korean and South Korean ships skirmish off Daecheong Island.
Born on November 10
1483 Martin Luther, theologian and reformer.
1697 William Hogarth, English caricaturist.
1730 Oliver Goldsmith, playwright (She Stoops to Conquer).
1759 Friedrich von Schiller, playwright and poet.
1801 Samuel Gridley Howe, educator of the blind.
1879 Vachel Lindsay, poet (Rhymes to be Traded for Bread).
1882 Frances Perkins, first woman cabinet member–Secretary of Labor.
1925 Richard Burton, Welsh actor famous for his roles in The Spy who Came in From the Cold and Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf.
1928 Ennio Morricone, Italian composer and conductor noted for his theme music in spaghetti Westerns such as The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly.
1935 Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov, Russian astrophysicist; the Novikov self-consistency principle made important contributions to the theory of time travel.
1947 Greg Lake, singer, songwriter, musician, producer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer).
1956 Sinbad (David Adkins), comedian, actor (Necessary Roughness, Houseguest).
1963 Hugh Bonneville, actor (Downton Abbey, Notting Hill).
1977 Brittany Murphy, actress, voice actress, singer, producer; films include Clueless and Sin City; voice of Luanne Platter on long-running animated TV series King of the Hill.
1983 Miranda Lambert, country singer (“Kerosene,” “Famous in a Small Town”)

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