Today in History
November 9

1799   Napoleon Bonaparte participates in a coup and declares himself dictator of France.
1848   The first U.S. Post Office in California opens in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets.
1900   Russia completes its occupation of Manchuria.
1906   President Theodore Roosevelt leaves Washington, D.C., for a 17-day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official visit outside of the United States.
1914   The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney wrecks the German cruiser Emden, forcing her to beach on a reef on North Keeling Island in the Indian Ocean.
1918   Germany is proclaimed a republic as the kaiser abdicates and flees to the Netherlands.
1937   The Republican Chinese Kuomintang withdraw from Shanghai, leaving it to the victorious Japanese. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1935   Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.
1938   Nazis kill 35 Jews, arrest thousands and destroy Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany. The event becomes known as Kristallnacht, the night of the shattered glass.
1965   Roger Allen LaPorte, a 22-year-old former seminarian and a member of the Catholic worker movement, immolates himself at the United Nations in New York City in protest of the Vietnam War.
1965   Nine Northeastern states and parts of Canada go dark in the worst power failure in history, when a switch at a station near Niagara Falls fails.
1967   NASA launches Apollo 4 into orbit with the first successful test of a Saturn V rocket.
1972   Bones discovered by the Leakeys push human origins back 1 million years.
1983   Alfred Heineken, a beer brewer from Amsterdam, is kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million.
1989   The Berlin Wall is opened after dividing the city for 28 years.
1993   Stari Most, a 427-year-old bridge in the city of Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is destroyed, believed to be caused by artillery fire from Bosnian Croat forces.
1994   The chemical element Darmstadtium, a radioactive synthetic element, discovered by scientists in Darmstadt, Germany.
1998   The largest civil settlement in US history is levied: 37 brokerage houses are ordered to pay $1.3 billion to NASDAQ investors to compensate for price fixing.
2007   The German Bundestag passes a controversial bill mandating the storage of citizens’ telecommunications traffic data for six months without probable cause.
Born on November 9
1818   Ivan Turgenev, Russian author (Fathers and Sons, A Month in the Country).
1841   Edward VII, King of England, who succeeded his mother Victoria in 1901.
1853   Stanford White, architect whose designs include Madison Square Garden and Washington Arch.
1886   Ed Wynn, actor and comedian.
1918   Spiro Agnew, vice president to Richard Nixon.
1923   James Schuyler, poet, novelist and playwright.
1924   Robert Frank, photographer.
1928   Anne Sexton, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.
1934   Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer.
1936   Mary Travers, singer, songwriter; member of the folk group Peter, Paul and Mary (“Puff the Magic Dragon,” “If I Had a Hammer”).
1941   Tom Fogerty, musician; guitarist with Creedence Clearwater Revival.

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