Today in History
November 8

392   Theodosius of Rome passes legislation prohibiting all pagan worship in the empire.
1226   Louis IX succeeds Louis VIII as king of France.
1576   The 17 provinces of the Netherlands form a federation to maintain peace.
1620   The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory over opposing Protestant forces. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1685   Fredrick William of Brandenburg issues the Edict of Potsdam, offering Huguenots refuge.
1793   The Louvre opens to the pubic in Paris.
1861   Charles Wilkes seizes Confederate commissioners John Slidell and James M. Mason from the British ship Trent.
1864   President Abraham Lincoln is re-elected in the first wartime election in the United States.
1887   Doc Holliday, who fought on the side of the Earp brothers during the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral 6 years earlier, dies of tuberculosis in Glenwood Springs, Colorado.
1889   Montana becomes the 41st state of the Union.
1900   Theodore Dreiser’s first novel, Sister Carrie, is published by Doubleday, but is recalled from stores shortly due to public sentiment.
1904   President Theodore Roosevelt is elected the 26th president of the United States. He had been vice president until the assassination of President William McKinley.
1910   The Democrats prevail in congressional elections for the first time since 1894.
1923   Adolf Hitler attempts a coup in Munich, the “Beer Hall Putsch,” and proclaims himself chancellor and Ludendorff dictator. .
1932   Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected the 32nd president of the United States.
1938   Crystal Bird Fauset of Pennsylvania, becomes the first African-American woman to be elected to a state legislature.
1942   The United States and Great Britain invade Axis-occupied North Africa.
1960   John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th president, defeating Republican candidate Richard Nixon in the closest election, by popular vote, since 1880.
1965   In the Vietnam War, Operation Hump takes place: the US 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Bien Hoa Province. Nearby, in the Gang Toi Hills, a company of the Royal Australian Regiment also engage Viet Cong forces.
1966   Republican Edward Brooke of Massachusetts becomes the first African-American elected to the Senate in 85 years.
1977   Greek archaeologist Manolis Andronikos discovers what is believed to be the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina in northern Greece.
1983   Wilson B. Goode is elected as the first black mayor of the city of Philadelphia.
1987   A dozen people are killed and over 60 wounded when the IRA detonates a bomb during a Remembrance Day ceremony in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, honoring those who had died in wars involving British forces.
2000   A dispute begins over the US presidential election between George W. Bush and Al Gore; a Supreme Court ruling on Dec. 12 results in a 271-266 electoral victory for Bush.
2004   More than 10,000 US troops and a few Iraqi army units besiege an insurgent stronghold at Fallujah.
2013   Super Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest storms ever recorded, slams into the Philippines, with sustained winds of 195 mph (315 kph) and gusts up to 235 mph (380 kph); over 5,000 are killed (date is Nov 7 in US).
Born on November 8
1656   Edmond Halley, mathematician and astronomer who predicted the return of the comet that bears his name.
1847   Bram Stoker, author (Dracula).
1878   Marshall Walter Taylor, “Major Taylor,” the world’s fastest bicycle racer for a 12-year period.
1879   Leon Trotsky, Russian Communist leader.
1884   Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist, inventor of the inkblot test.
1900   Albert Friedrich Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and molecular biology pioneer.
1900   Margaret Mitchell, American writer who found success in her first and only novel, Gone With the Wind.
1916   Peter Ulrich Weiss, German novelist and dramatist (Marat/Sade, The Investigation).
1922   Christiaan Barnard, South African surgeon, performed the first human heart transplant operation.
1927   Patti Page, singer (“Tennessee Waltz,” “How Much is That Doggie in the Window?”).
1929   Bobby Bowden, US college football coach; holds NCAA record for most career wins and bowl wins by any Division I FBS coach.
1931   Morley Safer, journalist; 60 Minutes correspondent (1970–2016 ).
1932   Ben Bova, noted author of works of science fact and fiction, a six-time winner of the Hugo Award for science fiction and fantasy writing.
1949   Bonnie Raitt, blues singer, songwriter, musician. Rolling Stone magazine included her on its lists of 100 Greatest Singers of All Time and 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.
1950   Mary Hart, actress, journalist; hosted Entertainment Tonight TV program 1982–2011.
1954   Rickie Lee Jones, singer, songwriter, musician; listed on the VH1 list of greatest women of rock music.
1970   Tom Anderson, entrepreneur; co-founder of Myspace website.
2003   Lady Louise Windsor, daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex and Sophie, Countess of Wessex.

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