Today in History
November 7

1665   The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
1811   Rebellious Indians in a conspiracy organized in defiance of the United States government by Tecumseh, Shawnee chief, are defeated during his absence in the Battle of the Wabash (or Tippecanoe) by William Henry Harrison, governor of Indiana Territory.
1814   Andrew Jackson attacks and captures Pensacola, Florida, defeating the Spanish and driving out a British force.
1846   Zachary Taylor, one of the heroes of the Mexican War, is elected president.
1861   Union General Ulysses S. Grant launches an unsuccessful raid on Belmont, Missouri.
1876   Rutherford B. Hayes is elected the 19th president of the United States.
1881   Wyatt Earp and Doc Holliday, two participants in Tombstone, Arizona’s, famous Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, are jailed as the hearings on what happened in the fight grow near.
1916   President Woodrow Wilson is re-elected, but the race is so close that all votes must be counted before an outcome can be determined, so the results are not known until November 11.
1916   Jeannette Rankin (R-Montana) is elected the first congresswoman.
1917   British General Sir Edmund Allenby breaks the Turkish defensive line in the Third Battle of Gaza.
1917   The Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, take power in Russia.
1921   Benito Mussolini declares himself to be the leader of the National Fascist Party in Italy.
1940   The Tacoma Bridge in Washington State collapses.
1943   British troops launch a limited offensive along the coast of Burma.
1944   President Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term by defeating Thomas Dewey.
1944   Soviet spy Richard Sorge and 34 of his spy ring are hanged by the Japanese. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1956   The UN General Assembly calls for France, Israel and the UK to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
1967   In Cleveland, Ohio, Carl B. Stokes becomes the first African-American elected mayor of a major American city.
1967   President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
1972   President Richard Nixon is re-elected.
1973   Congress overrides Pres. Richard M. Nixon’s veto of the War Powers Resolution that limited presidential power to wage ware without congressional approval.
1975   A uprising in Bangladesh kills Brig. Gen. Khaled Mosharraf and frees Maj. Gen. Ziaur Rahman, future president of the country, from house arrest.
1983   A bomb explodes in the US Capitol’s Senate Chambers area, causing $250,000 damages but no one is harmed; a group calling itself the Armed Resistance Unit claim the bomb is retaliation for US military involvement in Grenada and Lebanon.
1989   Douglas Wilder wins Virginia’s gubernatorial election, becoming the first elected African-American governor in the US; during Reconstruction Mississippi had an acting governor and Louisiana had an appointed governor who were black.
1990   Mary Robinson becomes the first woman elected President of the Republic of Ireland.
1994   The world’s first internet radio broadcast originates from WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
2000   Hillary Rodham Clinton becomes the first First Lady (1993–2001) elected to public office in the US when she wins a US Senate seat.
2000   Election Day in the US ends with the winner between presidential candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore still undecided.
Born on November 7
1867   Marie Curie, French chemist who researched radioactivity and discovered radium.
1900   Heinrich Himmler, head of the Nazi SS and organizer of extermination camps in Eastern Europe.
1903   Konrad Lorenz, pioneering zoologist.
1913   Albert Camus, French philosopher, novelist and dramatist.
1918   Billy Graham, evangelist.
1926   Joan Sutherland, opera singer.
1928   Norton David Zinder, biologist.
1929   Benny Andersen, Danish writer, poet and jazz musician.
1943   Joni Mitchell, singer, songwriter.
1950   Alexa Canady, the first female African-American neurosurgeon.
1971   Robin Finck, musician; guitarist with the bands Guns N’ Roses and Nine Inch Nails.


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