Today in History
November 3

1493 Christopher Columbus arrives at the Caribbee Isles (Dominica) during his second expedition.
1507 Leonardo da Vinci is commissioned to paint Lisa Gherardini (“Mona Lisa”).
1529 The first parliament for five years opens in England and the Commons and puts forward bills against abuses amongst the clergy and in the church courts.
1794 Thomas Paine is released from a Parisian jail with help from the American ambassador James Monroe. He was arrested for having offended the Robespierre faction.
1813 American troops destroy the Indian village of Tallushatchee in the Mississippi Valley.
1868 Ulysses S. Grant is elected the 18th president of the United States.
1883 A poorly trained Egyptian army, led by British General William Hicks, marches toward El Obeid in the Sudan–straight into a Mahdist ambush and massacre.
1883 The U.S. Supreme Court declares American Indians to be “dependent aliens.”
1892 The first automatic telephone exchange goes into operation in La Porte, Indiana.
1896 William McKinley is elected 25th president of the United States.
1912 The first all-metal plane flies near Issy, France, piloted by Ponche and Prinard.
1918 The German fleet at Kiel mutinies. This is the first act leading to Germany’s capitulation in World War I.
1921 Milk drivers on strike dump thousands of gallons of milk onto New York City’s streets.
1935 Left-wing groups in France form the Socialist and Republican Union.
1957 The Soviet Union launches Sputnik II with the dog Laika, the first animal in space, aboard.
1964 For the first time residents of Washington, D.C., are allowed to vote in a presidential election.
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected the 36th president of the United States.
1964 Robert Kennedy, brother of the slain president, is elected as a senator from New York.
1967 The Battle of Dak To begins in Vietnam’s Central Highlands; actually a series of engagements, the battle would continue through Nov. 22.
1969 US President Richard Nixon, speaking on TV and radio, asks the “silent majority” of the American people to support his policies and the continuing war effort in Vietnam.
1973 NASA launches Mariner 10, which will become the first probe to reach Mercury.
1979 Ku Klux Klansmen and neo-Nazis kill 5 and wound 7 members of the Communist Workers Party during a “Death to the Klan” rally in Greensboro, NC; the incident becomes known as the Greensboro Massacre.
1983 Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for the office of president of the United States.
1986 The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports the US has secretly been selling weapons to Iran in order to secure the release of 7 American hostages being held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
1992 Arkansas Governor Bill (William Jefferson) Clinton is elected 42nd president of the United States.
1997 The US imposes economic sanctions against Sudan in response to human rights abuses and support of Islamic extremist groups.
Born on November 3
1718 John Montague, fourth Earl of Sandwich and inventor of the sandwich.
1794 William Cullen Bryant, poet and journalist.
1801 Karl Baedeker, German publisher, well known for travel guides.
1831 Ignatius Donnelly, American social reformer best known for his book Atlantis: The Antediluvian World.
1901 Andre Malraux, French novelist (Man’s Fate).
1903 Walker Evans, photographer.
1909 James “Scotty” Reston, New York Times reporter, editor and columnist.
1918 Russell Long, U.S. senator from Louisiana from 1951 to 1968 and son of Huey P. Long.
1920 Oodgeroo Noonuccal [Kath Walker], Australian Aboriginal poet.
1933 Jeremy Brett, actor; best known for his portrayal of Sherlock Holmes in the Granada TV productions of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s stories about the detective.
1933 Michael Dukakis, politician; the longest-serving governor in the history of the State of Massachusetts (1975-79, 1983-91); unsuccessful Democratic candidate for the US presidency (1988).
1933 Amartya Sen, Indian economist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics (1998) for his work on economic theories of famines and social justice and indexes for measuring the well-being of citizens in developing countries.
1942 Martin Cruz Smith, novelist (Gorky Park).
1949 Larry Holmes, professional boxer known as The Easton Assassin; his 20 successful defenses of his heavyweight title is second only to Joe Louis’ record 25.
1952 Roseanne Barr, comedian, actress, producer; best known for her starring role in the TV series Roseanne, for which she won both an Emmy and a Golden Globe.
1952 David Ho, virologist, AIDS researcher.
1956 Gary Ross, film director, screenwriter (The Hunger Games, Seabiscuit).


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1 Comment

  1. Addition to Today in History: 1892-First automatic( dial) telephone exchange went into service in LaPorte, IN.

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