Today in History

November 1

79   The city of Pompeii is buried by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.
1512   Michelangelo’s painting on the Sistine Chapel ceiling is exhibited for the first time.
1582   Maurice of Nassau, the son of William of Orange, becomes the governor of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht.
1755   A great earthquake at Lisbon, Portugal, kills over 50,000 people.
1765   The Stamp Act goes into effect in the British colonies.
1861   President Abraham Lincoln appoints Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1866   Wild woman of the west Myra Maybelle Shirley (Belle Starr) marries James C. Reed in Collins County, Texas.
1869   Louis Riel seizes Fort Garry, Winnipeg, during the Red River Rebellion.
1911   Italian planes perform the first aerial bombing on Tagiura (Tajura) oasis in Libya.
1923   The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company buys the rights to manufacture Zeppelin dirigibles.
1924   Legendary Oklahoma marshal Bill Tilghman, 71, is gunned down by a drunk in Cromwell, Oklahoma.
1936   Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini announces the Rome-Berlin axis after Count Ciano’s visit to Germany.
1936   The Rodeo Cowboys Association is founded.
1943   American troops invade Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
1945   John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of Ebony magazine.
1950   Two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman.
1951   The Algerian National Liberation Front begins guerrilla warfare against the French.
1967   The first issue of Rolling Stone hits the streets.
1968   President Lyndon B. Johnson calls a halt to bombing in Vietnam, hoping this will lead to progress at the Paris peace talks.
1968   The Motion Picture Association of America officially introduces its rating system to indicate age-appropriateness of film content.
1973   Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special  Prosecutor.
1981   Antigua and Barbuda gain independence from the United Kingdom.
1982   Honda opens a plant in Marysville, Ohio, becoming the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the US.
2000   Serbia joins the United Nations.
Born on November 1
1500   Benvenuto Cellini, Italian goldsmith and sculptor.
1636   Nicholas Boileaux, French poet and historian.
1762   Spencer Perceval, the only British prime minister to be assassinated.
1798   Benjamin Lee Guinness, Irish brewer.
1818   James Renwick, architect.
1828   Balfour Steward, Scottish physicist and meteorologist.
1871   Stephen Crane, poet and novelist (The Red Badge of Courage).
1880   Sholem Asch, Polish-born American novelist and playwright (The Nazarene, The Mother).
1880   Grantland Rice, American sportswriter.
1902   Nordahl Brun Grieg, Norwegian writer and wartime hero during World War II.
1923   Victoria de Los Angeles, Spanish opera soprano.
1930   A.R. Gurney, American playwright (Love Letters, The Dining Room).
1935   Gary Player, professional golfer from South Africa; the only non-American to win the Grand Slam; inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.
1937   Bill Anderson, country singer, songwriter; known as Whisperin’ Bill, he ranked among the top country songwriters of the 1960s and ’70s and has continued to pen No. 1 hits into the 21st century.
1942   Ralph Klein, Canadian politician; Premier of Alberta (1992–2006) and leader of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta (1992–2006); known as “King Ralph” for his political longevity.
1944   Richard “Kinky” Friedman, singer, songwriter, humorist, author; known for his satirical lyrics and commentary (“Sold American”); ran as an independent for Governor of Texas (2006).
1946   Lynne Russell, journalist; the first woman to anchor a nationally televised prime time news program in the US (CNN Headline News, 1983–2001).
1950   Mitch Kapor, founder of Lotus Software and Electronic Frontier Foundation.
1958   Charlie Kaufman, screenwriter, director, producer (Being John Malkovich; Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind).
1960   Tim Cook, business executive; CEO of Apple, inc. (2011– ).
1964   Karen Marie Moning, bestselling author; her Highlander and Fever series blend urban fantasy with Celtic mythology.
1967   Tina Arena (Filippina Lydia Arena), singer, songwriter, actress, record producer; the first Australian to receive the Order of State; awarded the Knighthood of the Order of National Merit, by the President of the French Republic (2009).
1981   LaTavia Roberson, singer, songwriter; original member of Destiny’s Child group.

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