Today in History
May 24

1543 Nicolaus Copernicus publishes proof of a sun-centered solar system. He dies just after publication.
1607 Captain Christopher Newport and 105 followers found the colony of Jamestown at the mouth of the James River on the coast of Virginia.
1610 Sir Thomas Gates institutes “laws divine moral and marshal, ” a harsh civil code for Jamestown.
1624 After years of unprofitable operation, Virginia’s charter is revoked and it becomes a royal colony.
1689 The English Parliament passes the Act of Toleration, protecting Protestants. Roman Catholics are specifically excluded from exemption.
1738 The Methodist Church is established.
1764 Boston lawyer James Otis denounces “taxation without representation,” calling for the colonies to unite in opposition to Britain’s new tax measures.
1798 Believing that a French invasion of Ireland is imminent, Irish nationalists rise up against the British occupation.
1844 Samuel Morse taps out the first telegraph message.
1846 General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey.
1861 General Benjamin Butler declares slaves to be the contraband of war.
1863 Bushwackers led by Captain William Marchbanks attack a Federal militia party in Nevada, Missouri.
1878 The first American bicycle race is held in Boston.
1930 Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to fly from England to Australia.
1941 The British battleship Hood is sunk by the German battleship Bismarck. There are only three survivors.
1951 Willie Mays begins playing for the New York Giants.
1961 Civil rights activists are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi.
Born on May 24
1544 William Gilbert, English physician and scientist.
1743 Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary.
1819 Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1836-1901).
1878 Lillian Moller Gilbreth, pioneer in time-motion studies.
1895 Samuel I. Newhouse, American publisher.
1903 Arthur Vineberg, Canadian heart surgeon.
1905 Mikhail Sholokhov, Russian novelist (And Quiet Flows the Don).
1928 William Trevor, Irish short story writer and novelist (The Old Boys, The Boarding House).
1941 Bob Dylan (Robert Zimmerman), singer and songwriter.

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