Today in History
May 16

1770   Marie Antoinette marries future King Louis XVI of France.
1863   At the Battle of Champion’s Hill, Union General Ulysess S. Grant repulses the Confederates, driving them into Vicksburg.
1868   President Andrew Johnson is acquitted during Senate impeachment, by one vote, cast by Edmund G. Ross.
1879   The Treaty of Gandamak between Russia and England sets up the Afghan state.
1918   Congress passes the Sedition Act of 1918, making criticism of the federal government during wartime an imprisonable offense. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1920   Joan of Arc is canonized in Rome.
1928   The first Academy Awards are held in Hollywood.
1943   A specially trained and equipped Royal Air Force squadron destroys two river dams in Germany.
1951   Chinese Communist Forces launch second phase of the Chinese Spring Offensive in the Korean War and gain up to 20 miles of territory.
1960   A Big Four summit in Paris collapses because of the American U-2 spy plane affair.
1963   After 22 Earth orbits, Gordon Cooper returns to Earth, ending the last mission of Project Mercury.
Born on May 16
1801   William Henry Seward, U.S. Secretary of State (1861-1869).
1804   Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, founder of the first U.S. kindergarten.
1824   Edmund Kirby-Smith, Confederate general during the American Civil War.
1850   Johannes von Mikulicz-Radecki, Polish surgical pioneer.
1886   Douglas Southall Freeman, journalist, historian, Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer.
1905   Henry Fonda, American actor (Grapes of Wrath, On Golden Pond).
1912   Studs Terkel, author and historian.
1913   Woody Herman, jazz bandleader.
1929   Betty Carter, jazz singer.
1929   Adrienne Rich, poet (Diving into the Wreck).
1955   Olga Korbut, Olympic gymnast.

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