Today in History
May 14

1264 King Henry III is captured by his brother-in-law, Simon de Montfort, at the Battle of Lewes.
1509 At the Battle of Agnadello, the French defeat the Venitians in Northern Italy.
1610 French King Henri IV (Henri de Navarre) is assassinated by François Ravaillac, a fanatical monk.
1796 English physician Edward Jenner gives the first successful smallpox vaccination.
1804 Explorer William Clark sets off from St. Louis, Missouri.
1853 Gail Borden applies for a patent for condensed milk.
1863 Union General Nathanial Banks heads towards Port Hudson along the Mississippi River.
1897 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first communication by wireless telegraph.
1897 “Stars and Stripes Forever” by John Phillip Sousa is performed for the first time in Philadelphia.
1935 A plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies an independence agreement.
1940 Holland surrenders to Germany.
1942 The British Army, in retreat from Burma, reaches India.
1948 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion establishes the State of Israel.
1961 A bus carrying black and white civil rights activists is bombed and burned in Alabama.
1969 Three companies of the 101st Airborne Division fail to push North Vietnamese forces off Hill 937 in South Vietnam.
1973 The U.S. space station Skylab is launched.
1991 In South Africa, Winnie Mandela is sentenced to six years in prison for her part in the kidnapping and beating of three black youths and the death of a fourth.
Born on May 14
1533 Margaret of Valois, queen consort of Navarre.
1686 Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, German physicist, instrument maker, inventor of the thermometer.
1727 Thomas Gainsborough, painter (“Blue Boy”).
1771 Thomas Wedgwood, English physicist, photography pioneer.
1897 Sidney Bechet, jazz clarinetist and soprano saxaphone player.
1933 Richard P. Brickner, novelist (The Broken Year).
1944 George Lucas, film director and producer (Star Wars).
1946 Robert Jarvik, American physician.

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