Today in History: March 30

Today in History
March 30

1492   King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sign a decree expelling all Jews from Spain.
1840   “Beau” Brummell, the English dandy and former favorite of the prince regent, dies in a French lunatic asylum for paupers.
1858   Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia patents the pencil with an eraser attached on one end.
1867   Russian Baron Stoeckl and U.S. Secretary of State Seward complete the draft of a treaty ceding Alaska to the United States. The treaty is signed the following day.
1870   The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, passes.
1870   President Ulysses S. Grant signs bill readmitting Texas to the Union. It is the last Confederate state readmitted.
1885   In Afghanistan, Russian troops inflict a crushing defeat on Afghan forces, despite orders not to fight.
1909   The Queensboro Bridge in New York opens. It is the first double decker bridge and links Manhattan and Queens.
1916   Mexican bandit Pancho Villa kills 172 at the Guerrero garrison in Mexico.
1936   Britain announces a naval construction program of 38 warships. This is the largest construction program in 15 years.
1941   The German Afrika Korps under General Erwin Rommel begins its first offensive against British forces in Libya.
1943   Rodgers and Hammerstein’s first collaboration, Oklahoma, opens on Broadway.
1944   The U.S. fleet attacks Palau, near the Philippines.
1945   The Red Army advances into Austria.
1946   The Allies seize 1,000 Nazis attempting to revive the Nazi party in Frankfurt.
1950   President Harry S. Truman denounces Senator Joe McCarthy as a saboteur of U.S. foreign policy.
1957   Tunisia and Morocco sign a friendship treaty in Rabat.
1972   The Easter Offensive begins with North Vietnamese forces crossing into the Demilitarized Zone of South Vietnam. The offensive is the largest since the Korean War. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1975   As North Vietnamese forces move toward Saigon, desperate South Vietnamese soldiers mob rescue jets.
1981   President Ronald Reagan is shot and wounded in Washington, D.C. by John W. Hinckley Jr.
1987   Vincent Van Gogh’s Sunflowers is bought for $39.85 million.
Born on March 30
1719   Sir John Hawkins, author of the first history of music.
1820   Anna Sewell, English novelist (Black Beauty).
1853   Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch impressionist artist.
1880   Sean O’Casey, Irish playwright.
1883   Jo Davidson, American sculptor.

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