Today in History
March 28

1774   Britain passes the Coercive Act against rebellious Massachusetts.
1854   The Crimean War erupts as Britain and France declare war on Russia. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1864   A group of Copperheads attack Federal soldiers in Charleston, Illinois. Five are killed and twenty wounded.
1885   The Salvation Army is officially organized in the United States.
1908   Automobile owners lobby Congress in support of a bill that calls for vehicle licensing and federal registration.
1910   The first seaplane takes off from water at Martiniques, France.
1917   The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is founded, Great Britain’s first official service women.
1921   President Warren Harding names William Howard Taft as chief justice of the United States.
1930   Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara respectively.
1933   The Nazis order a ban on all Jews in businesses, professions and schools.
1939   The Spanish Civil War ends as Madrid falls to Francisco Franco.
1941   The Italian fleet is routed by the British at the Battle of Cape Matapan
1941   English novelist Virginia Woolf throws herself into the River Ouse near her home in Sussex. Her body will not be found until April 18.
1942   A British ship, the HMS Campbeltown, a Lend-Lease American destroyer, which was specifically rammed into a German occupied dry-dock in France, explodes, knocking the area out of action for the German battleship Tirpitz.
1945   Germany launches the last of its V-2 rockets against England.
1946   Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina. He will hold the office for six years.
1962   The U.S. Air Force announces research into the use of lasers to intercept missiles and satellites.
1969   Dwight D. Eisenhower dies at Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington, D.C.
1979   A major accident occurs at Pennsylvania’s Three Mile Island nuclear power plant
1986   The U.S. Senate passes a $100 million aid package for the Nicaraguan contras.
1990   Jesse Owens receives the Congressional Gold Medal from President George Bush.
1999   An American Stealth F117 Nighthawk is shot down over northern Yugoslavia during NATO air strikes.
Born on March 28
1652   Samuel Sewall, British colonial merchant and one of the Salem witch trial judges.
1818   Wade Hampton, Confederate general in the American Civil War.
1862   Aristide Briand, premier of France (1909-1929).
1868   Maxim Gorky, Russian short story writer and novelist.
1895   James McCudden, the first RAF pilot to receive the Victoria Cross.
1909   Nelson Algren, novelist (The Man with the Golden Arm, A Walk on the Wild Side).
1929   Frederick Exley, American novelist (A Fan’s Notes).
1930   Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist; helped confirm the existence of quarks.
1936   Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian novelist (Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter, Death in the Andes).

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