Today in History: March 27

Today in History
March 27

1350   While besieging Gibraltar, Alfonso XI of Castile dies of the black death.
1512   Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon sights Florida.
1794   The U.S. government establishes a permanent navy with the authorization to build six frigates. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1802   The Treaty of Amiens is signed, ending the French Revolutionary War.
1814   U.S. troops under Gen. Andrew Jackson inflict a crushing defeat on the Creek Indians at Horseshoe Bend in Northern Alabama.
1836   The Mexican army massacres Texan rebels at Goliad.
1866   President Andrew Johnson vetoes the civil rights bill, which later becomes the 14th amendment.
1884   The first long-distance telephone call is made from Boston to New York.
1899   The Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi achieves the first international radio transmission between England and France.
1900   The London Parliament passes the War Loan Act, which gives 35 million pounds to the Boer War cause.
1912   The first cherry blossom trees, a gift from Japan, are planted in Washington, D.C.
1933   Some 55,000 people stage a protest against Hitler in New York.
1941   Takeo Yoshikawa arrives in Oahu, Hawaii, to begin spying for Japan on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor.
1942   The British raid the Nazi submarine base at St. Nazaire, France.
1944   One thousand Jews leave Drancy, France for the Auschwitz concentration camp.
1944   Thousands of Jews are murdered in Kaunas, Lithuania. The Gestapo shoots forty Jewish policemen in the Riga, Latvia ghetto.
1945   General Dwight Eisenhower declares that the German defenses on the Western Front have been broken.
1952   Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reach the 38th parallel in Korea, the original dividing line between the two Koreas.
1958   The United States announces a plan to explore space near the moon.
1976   Washington, D.C. opens its subway system.
1977   In aviation’s worst disaster yet, 583 die when a KLM 747 collides with a 747 flown by Pan Am on the island of Tenerife.
Born on March 27
1785   Louis XVII, pretender to the throne during the French Revolution.
1809   Georges-Eugene Haussmann, French town planner; designed modern-day Paris.
1813   Nathaniel Currier, lithographer for Currier and Ives.
1845   Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, German physicist, accidentally discovered X-rays.
1863   Sir Henry Royce, cofounder of the Rolls-Royce automotive company.
1879   Edward Steichen, pioneer of American photography.
1906   Pee Wee Russell, jazz clarinetist.
1910   John Robinson Pierce, the father of communications satellites.
1914   Budd Schulberg, journalist, novelist and screenwriter (What Makes Sammy Run).
1923   Louis Simpson, Pultizer Prize-winning poet.
1924   Sarah Vaughan, jazz singer.

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