Today in History: March 22

1622   Indians attack a group of colonists in the James River area of Virginia, killing 350 residents.
1630   The first legislation prohibiting gambling is enacted in Boston.
1664   Charles II gives large tracts of land from west of the Connecticut River to the east of Delaware Bay in North America to his brother James, the Duke of York.
1719   Frederick William abolishes serfdom on crown property in Prussia.
1765   The Stamp Act is passed; the first direct British tax on the American colonists.
1775   British statesman Edmund Burke makes a speech in the House of Commons, urging the government to adopt a policy of reconciliation with America.
1790   Thomas Jefferson becomes the first U.S. Secretary of State.
1794   Congress passes laws prohibiting the slave trade with foreign countries although slavery remains legal in the United States.
1834   Horace Greeley publishes The New-Yorker, a weekly literary and news magazine and the forerunner of Harold Ross’ more successful The New Yorker.
1901   Japan proclaims that it is determined to keep Russia from encroaching on Korea.
1904   The first color photograph is published in the London Daily Illustrated Mirror.
1907   Russians troops complete the evacuation of Manchuria in the face of advancing Japanese forces.
1915   A German Zepplin makes a night raid on Paris railway stations.
1919   The first international airline service is inaugurated on a weekly schedule between Paris and Brussels.
1933   President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill legalizing the sale and possession of beer and wine.
1935   Persia is renamed Iran.
1946   The first U.S.-built rocket to leave the Earth’s atmosphere reaches a 50-mile height.
1948   The United States announces a land reform plan for Korea.
1954   The London gold market reopens for the first time since 1939.
1968   President Lyndon Johnson names General William Westmoreland as Army Chief of Staff.
1972   The U.S. Senate passes the Equal Rights Amendment. The amendment fails to achieve ratification.
1974   The Viet Cong propose a new truce with the United States and South Vietnam, which includes general elections.
1990   A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, finds Captain Hazelwood not guilty in the Valdez oil spill.
Born on March 22
1599   Sir Anthony Van Dyck, Flemish artist; the namesake of the beard style.
1797   Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)
1846   Randolph Caldecott, illustrator.
1907   James Gavin, U.S. Army general of the 82nd Airborne Division in WWII.
1908   Louis L’Amour, American Western novelist.
1923   Marcel Marceau, French mime.
1930   Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist (A Little Night Music, Passion).
1948   Andrew Lloyd Webber, British composer (The Phantom of the Opera, Cats)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *