Today in History
March 19

1687   The French explorer La Salle is murdered by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi, along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1702   On the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, sister of Mary, ascends the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1822   Boston is incorporated as a city.
1879   Jim Currie opens fire on the actors Maurice Barrymore and Ben Porter near Marshall, Texas. His shots wound Barrymore and kill Porter.
1903   The U.S. Senate ratifies the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda.
1916   The First Aero Squadron takes off from Columbus, NM to join Gen. John J. Pershing and his Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa in Mexico.
1917   The Adamson Act, which legislates an eight-hour-day for railroad workers, is ruled constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1918   Congress authorizes Daylight Saving Time.
1920   The U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty for the second time.
1924   U.S. troops are rushed to Tegucigalpa as rebel forces take the Honduran capital.
1931   The state of Nevada legalizes gambling.
1935   The British fire on 20,000 Muslims in India, killing 23.
1936   The Soviet Union signs a pact of assistance with Mongolia against Japan.
1944   The German 352nd Infantry Division deploys along the coast of France.
1945   Adolf Hitler orders a scorched-earth policy for his retreating German armies in the west and east.
1947   Chiang Kai-Shek’s government forces take control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party.
1949   The Soviet People’s Council signs the constitution of the German Democratic Republic, and declares that the North Atlantic Treaty is merely a war weapon.
1963   In Costa Rica, President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledge to fight Communism.
1981   One technician is killed and two others are injured during a routine test on the space shuttle Columbia.
Born on March 19
1589   William Bradford, governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years.
1721   Tobias George Smollett, satirical author and physician (Roderick Random, Humphrey Clinker).
1813   David Livingston, explorer found by Henry Stanley in Africa.
1821   Sir Richard Burton, English explorer.
1848   Wyatt Earp, U.S. marshal.
1849   Alfred von Tirpitz, Prussian admiral who commanded the German fleet in early World War I.
1860   William Jennings Bryan, orator, statesman; known as “The Great Communicator.”
1889   Sarah Gertrude Millina, South African writer (The Dark River, God’s Stepchildren).
1891   Earl Warren, governor of California; later the 14th Supreme Court Chief Justice.
1904   John J. Sirica, U.S. Federal Judge who ruled on Watergate issues.
1906   Adolf Eichman, Nazi Gestapo officer.
1912   Adolf Galland, German Luftwaffe pilot.
1925   Brent Scowcroft, Lt. Gen. (USAF); National Security Advisor to President George H.W. Bush.
1933   Phillip Roth, American novelist and short-story writer (Portnoy’s Complaint).

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