Today in History
March 13

483   St. Felix begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
607   The 12th recorded passage of Halley’s Comet occurs.
1519   Hernando Cortez lands in what will become Mexico.
1660   A statute is passed limiting the sale of slaves in the colony of Virginia.
1777   Congress orders its European envoys to appeal to high-ranking foreign officers to send troops to reinforce the American army.
1781   Astronomer William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus, which he names ‘Georgium Sidus,’ in honor of King George III.
1793   Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.
1861   Jefferson Davis signs a bill authorizing slaves to be used as soldiers for the Confederacy.
1868   The U.S. Senate begins the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.
1881   Czar Alexander II is assassinated when a bomb is thrown at him near his palace.
1915   The Germans repel a British Expeditionary Force attack at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle in France.
1918   Women are scheduled to march in the St. Patrick’s Day Parade in New York due to a shortage of men.
1935   A three-thousand-year-old archive is found in Jerusalem confirming biblical history.
1940   Finland capitulates conditionally to Soviet terms, but maintains its independence.
1941   Hitler issues an edict calling for an invasion of the Soviet Union.
1942   Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps becomes the first woman colonel in the U.S. Army.
1943   Nazi forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków, Poland, murdering approximately 2,000 of its Jewish occupants. Some 2,000 Jews are sent to the Płaszów concentration camp and another 3,000 are sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau (2,450 of whom will be immediately gassed on arrival). [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1943   Japanese forces end their attack on the American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville.
1951   Israel demands $1.5 billion in German reparations for the cost of caring for war refugees.
1957   The FBI arrests Jimmy Hoffa on bribery charges.
1963   China invites Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev to visit Beijing.
1970   Cambodia orders Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to get out.
1974   The U.S. Senate votes 54-33 to restore the death penalty.
1974   Arab nations decide to end the oil embargo on the United States.
1981   The United States plans to send 15 Green Berets to El Salvador as military advisors.
1985   Upon the death of Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the new leader of the Soviet Union.
1991   Exxon pays $1 billion in fines and costs for the clean-up of the Alaskan oil spill.
Born on March 13
1615   Innocent XII, Roman Catholic Pope
1733   Joseph Priestly, scientist credited with the discovery of oxygen.
1764   Charles Earl Grey, British Prime Minister
1798   Abigail Powers Fillmore, First Lady and wife of Millard Fillmore
1855   Percival Lowell, astronomer who predicted the discovery of the planet Pluto.
1886   Albert William Stevens, balloonist and photographer.
1892   Janet Flanner, writer (Letter from Paris).
1900   George Seferis, Greek poet.

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