Today in History
March 11

537   The Goths lay siege to Rome.
1649   The peace of Rueil is signed between the Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government.
1665   A new legal code is approved for the Dutch and English towns in America, guaranteeing religious observances unhindered.
1702   The Daily Courant, the first regular English newspaper is published  in London.
1810   The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte is married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise.
1811   Ned Ludd leads a group of workers in England in a wild protest against mechanization.
1824   The U.S. War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Seneca Indian Ely Parker becomes the first Indian to lead the Bureau.
1845   Seven hundred Maoris led by their chief, Hone-Heke, burn the small town of Kororareka in protest at the settlement of Maoriland by Europeans, in breach with the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
1861   A Confederate convention is held in Montgomery, AL, where the new constitution is adopted.
1863   Union troops under General Ulysess S. Grant give up their preparations to take Vicksburg after failing to pass Fort Pemberton, north of Vicksburg.
1865   Union General William Sherman and his forces occupy Fayetteville, NC.
1888   A disastrous blizzard hits the northeastern United States. Some 400 people die, mainly from exposure.
1900   British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejects the peace overtures offered from Boer leader Paul Kruger.
1905   The Parisian subway is officially inaugurated.
1907   President Teddy Roosevelt induces California to revoke its anti-Japanese legislation.
1930   President Howard Taft becomes the first U.S. president to be buried in the National Cemetery in Arlington, VA.
1935   The German Air Force becomes an official organ of the Reich.
1941   President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorizes the Lend-Lease Act which authorizes the act of giving war supplies to the Allies.
1942   General Douglas MacArthur leaves Bataan for Australia.
1965   The American navy begins inspecting Vietnamese junks in hopes of ending arms smuggling to the South.
1966   Three men are convicted of the murder of Malcolm X.
1969   Levi-Strauss starts to sell bell-bottomed jeans.
1973   An FBI agent is shot at Wounded Knee in South Dakota.
1985   Mikhail Gorbachev is named the new Soviet leader.
1990   Lithuania declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
Born on March 11
1731   Robert Treat Paine, Declaration of Independence signer
1860   Thomas Hastings, architect of the New York Public Library.
1885   Sir Malcom Campbell, the first motorist to exceed 300 mph.
1899   Frederick IX, King of Denmark
1908   Lawrence Welk, orchestra leader.
1926   Ralph David Abernathy, civil rights leader, associate of Dr. King.
1952   Douglas Adams, British writer, (The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy).

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