Today in History
March 10

515 BC   The building of the great Jewish temple in Jerusalem is completed.
241 BC   The Roman fleet sinks 50 Carthaginian ships in the Battle of Aegusa.
49 BC   Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon and invades Italy.
1656   In the colony of Virginia, suffrage is extended to all free men regardless of their religion.
1776   “Common Sense” by Thomas Paine is published.
1785   Thomas Jefferson is appointed minister to France.
1806   The Dutch in Cape Town, South Africa surrender to the British.
1814   Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated by an allied army at the Battle of Laon, France.
1848   The treaty of Guadeloupe-Hidalgo is signed which ends the United States’ war with Mexico.
1876   Alexander Graham Bell makes the first telephone call to Thomas Watson saying “Mr. Watson, come here – I want to see you.”
1893   New Mexico State University cancels its first graduation ceremony, because the only graduate was robbed and killed the night before.
1902   The Boers of South Africa score their last victory over the British, capturing British General Methuen and 200 men.
1910   Slavery is abolished in China.
1924   The U.S. Supreme Court upholds a New York state law forbidding late-night work for women.
1927   Prussia lifts its Nazi ban; Adolf Hitler is allowed to speak in public.
1933   Nevada becomes the first U.S. state to regulate drugs.
1941   Vichy France threatens to use its navy unless Britain allows food to reach France.
1943   Adolf Hitler calls Field Marshall Erwin Rommel back from Tunisia in North Africa.
1944   The Irish refuse to oust all Axis envoys and deny the accusation of spying on Allied troops.
1945   American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, killing 100,000.
1947   The Big Four meet in Moscow to discuss the future of Germany.
1948   Author Zelda Fitzgerald (wife of F. Scott) dies in a fire at Highland Hospital in Asheville, North Carolina.
1953   North Korean gunners at Wonsan fire on the USS Missouri; the ship responds by firing 998 rounds at the enemy position.
1954   President Dwight Eisenhower calls Senator Joseph McCarthy a peril to the Republican Party.
1966   The North Vietnamese capture a Green Beret camp at Ashau Valley.
1969   James Earl Ray pleads guilty to the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King and is sentenced to 99 years in jail.
1971   The Senate approves a Constitutional amendment to lower the voting age to 18.
1975   The North Vietnamese Army attacks the South Vietnamese town of Buon Ma Thout; the offensive will end with total victory in Vietnam.
1980   Iran’s leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, lends his support to the militants holding the American hostages in Tehran.
1982   The United States bans Libyan oil imports, because of Libya’s continued support of terrorism.
1987   The Vatican condemns surrogate parenting as well as test-tube and artificial insemination.
Born on March 10
1503   Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1772   Friedrich Von Schlegel, German romantic poet and critic (Philosophy of History, History of Literature).
1845   Alexander III, Russian czar.
1845   Hallie Quinn Brown, American educator, women’s rights leader.
1903   Leon Bismarck “Bix” Beiderbecke, jazz cornetist and composer.
1909   Kathryn McLean (Forbes), author (Mama’s Bank Account).
1916   James Herriot, Scottish writer and country veterinarian (All Creatures Great and Small).
1918   Günther Rall, German Luftwaffe ace in World War II.
1940   David Rabe, playwright (Sticks and Bones, Hurlyburly).

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