March 3

1791   Congress passes a resolution authorizing the U.S. Mint; legislation creating the mint will be passed on Apr. 2, 1792.
1803   The first impeachment trial of a U.S. judge, John Pickering, begins.
1817   The first commercial steamboat route from Louisville to New Orleans is opened.
1845   Florida becomes the 27th U.S. state.
1857   Under pretexts, Britain and France declare war on China.
1861   The serfs of Russia are emancipated by Alexander II as part of a program of westernization.
1863   President Abraham Lincoln signs the conscription act compelling U.S. citizens to report for duty in the Civil War or pay $300.00.
1877   Rutherford B. Hayes, the republican governor of Ohio, is elected president; his election is confirmed by an electoral commission after a disputed election the previous November.
1878   Russia and the Ottomans sign the Treaty of San Stefano, granting independence to Serbia.
1905   The Russian Czar agrees to create an elected assembly.
1918   The Soviets and Germany sign a peace treaty at Brest-Litovsk depriving the Soviets of White Russia.
1919   Boeing flies the first U.S. international airmail from Vancouver, British Columbia to Seattle, Washington.
1923   The first issue of Time magazine is published. Its editor, Henry R. Luce, is just out of Yale.
1931   President Herbert Hoover signs a bill that makes Francis Scott Key’s “Star Spangled Banner,” the national anthem.
1939   In Bombay, Gandhi begins a fast to protest the state’s autocratic rule.
1940   A Nazi air raid kills 108 on a British liner in the English Channel.
1941   Moscow denounces Axis rule in Bulgaria.
1942   The RAF raids the industrial suburbs of Paris.
1945   Finland declares war on the Axis.
1952   The U.S. Supreme Court upholds New York’s Feinberg Law banning Communist teachers in the United States.
1969   Sirhan Sirhan testifies in a court in Los Angeles that he killed Robert Kennedy.
1973   Japan discloses its first defense plan since World War II.
1999   Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky appears on national television to explain her affair with President Bill Clinton.
Born on March 3
1831   George M. Pullman, inventor of the railway sleeping car.
1847   Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the first telephone as well as other devices.
1873   William Green, President of the American Federation of Labor.
1895   Matthew Ridgway, U.S. Army leader in World War II and Korea.
1911   Jean Harlow, actress (Hell’s Angels, Dinner at Eight).
1916   Robert Whitehead, Broadway producer (Bus Stop, A Man for All Seasons).
1918   Arthur Kornberg, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist.
1920   Robert Searle, cartoonist.
1926   James Merrill, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (Divine Comedies).
1927   Nicolas Freeling, crime writer.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *