Today in History: June 26

Today in History
June 26

363   Roman Emperor Julian dies, ending the Pagan Revival.
1096   Peter the Hermit‘s crusaders force their way across Sava, Hungary.
1243   The Seljuk Turkish army in Asia Minor is wiped out by the Mongols.
1541   Former followers murder Francisco Pizarro, the Spanish Conqueror of Peru.
1794   The first successful military use of aircraft comes in the Battle of Fleurus, the most significant battle of the Flanders Campaign in the Low Countries during the French Revolutionary Wars.

The army of the First French Republic, under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, uses the reconnaissance balloon l’Entreprenant to help defeat the Coalition Army (Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburg Monarchy), commanded by Prince Josias of Coburg. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]

1804   The Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches the mouth of the Kansas River after completing a westward trek of nearly 400 river miles.
1844   Julia Gardiner and President John Tyler are married in New York City.
1862   General Robert E. Lee attacks George McClellan‘s line at Mechanicsville during the Seven Days’ campaign.
1863   Jubal Early and his Confederate forces move into Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
1900   The United States announces it will send troops to fight against the Boxer Rebellion in China.
1907   Russia’s nobility demands drastic measures be taken against revolutionaries.
1908   Shah Muhammad Ali’s forces squelch the reform elements of Parliament in Persia.
1916   Russian General Aleksei Brusilov renews his offensive against the Germans.
1917   General Pershing arrives in France with the American Expeditionary Force.
1918   The Germans begin firing their huge 420 mm howitzer, “Big Bertha,” at Paris.
1926   A memorial to the first U.S. troops in France is unveiled at St. Nazaire.
1924   After eight years of occupation, American troops leave the Dominican Republic.
1942   The Grumman F6F Hellcat fighter flies for the first time.
1945   The U.N. Charter is signed by 50 nations in San Francisco, California.
1951   The Soviet Union proposes a cease-fire in the Korean War.
1961   A Kuwaiti vote opposes Iraq’s annexation plans.
1963   President John Kennedy announces “Ich bin ein Berliner” at the Berlin Wall.
1971   The U.S. Justice Department issues a warrant for Daniel Ellsberg, accusing him of giving away the Pentagon Papers.
1975   Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is convicted of election fraud.
1993   Roy Campanella, legendary catcher for the Negro Leagues and the Los Angeles Dodgers, dies.
Born on June 26
1742   Arthur Middleton, signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1819   Abner Doubleday, Civil War general.
1892   Pearl S. Buck, American novelist (The Good Earth).
1893   William “Big Bill” Broonzy, blues singer and guitarist.
1898   Wilhelm Emil Messerschmitt, German engineer.
1902   William P. Lear, American engineer and industrialist.
1904   Peter Lorre, film actor (Casablanca, M).
1909   Tom Parker, Elvis Presley‘s manager.
1914   Laurie Lee, British writer (Cider with Rosie).
1915   Charlotte Zolotow, American children’s writer.
1931   Colin Henry Wilson, British author (The Outsider).

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