Today in History
June 18

1155   German-born Frederick I, Barbarossa, is crowned emperor of Rome.
1667   The Dutch fleet sails up the Thames River and threatens London.
1778   British troops evacuate Philadelphia.
1812   The War of 1812 begins when the United States declares war against Great Britain.
1815   Napoleon Bonaparte of France is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1863   After repeated acts of insubordination, General Ulysses S. Grant relieves General John McClernand during the Siege of Vicksburg.
1864   At Petersburg, Union General Ulysses S. Grant realizes the town can no longer be taken by assault and settles into a siege.
1873   Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote for president.
1918   Allied forces on the Western Front begin their largest counterattack yet against the German army.
1928   Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane.
1936   Mobster Charles ‘Lucky’ Luciano is found guilty on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution.
1942   The U.S. Navy commissions its first black officer, Harvard University medical student Bernard Whitfield Robinson.
1944   The U.S. First Army breaks through the German lines on the Cotentin Peninsula and cuts off the German-held port of Cherbourg.
1945   Organized Japanese resistance ends on the island of Mindanao.
1951   General Vo Nguyen Giap ends his Red River Campaign against the French in Indochina.
1953   South Korean President Syngman Rhee releases Korean non-repatriate POWs against the will of the United Nations.
1959   A Federal Court annuls the Arkansas law allowing school closings to prevent integration.
1966   Samuel Nabrit becomes the first African American to serve on the Atomic Energy Commission.
1979   President Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign the Salt II pact to limit nuclear arms.
1983   Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.
Born on June 18
1581   Sir Thomas Overbury, English poet and courtier.
1812   Ivan Goncharov, Russian novelist (Oblomov).
1857   Henry Clay Folger, American lawyer and businessman, co-founder of the Folger Shakespeare Library.
1877   James Montgomery Flagg, American artist and author.
1896   Blanche Sweet, film actress.
1937   Gail Godwin, writer (The Perfectionists, The Southern Family).
1942   Paul McCartney, songwriter and singer, member of the Beatles.
1949   Chris Van Allsburg, children’s author and illustrator (Jumanji, The Polar Express).

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