Today in History: June 9

Today in History
June 9

1064 Coimbra, Portugal falls to Ferdinand, king of Castile.
1534 Jacques Cartier sails into the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1790 Civil war breaks out in Martinique.
1861 Mary Ann “Mother” Bickerdyke begins working in Union hospitals.
1863 At the Battle of Brandy Station in Virginia, Union and Confederate cavalries clash in the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War.
1923 Bulgaria’s government is overthrown by the military.
1931 Robert H. Goddard patents a rocket-fueled aircraft design.
1942 The Japanese high command announces that “The Midway Occupation operations have been temporarily postponed.”
1945 Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declares that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender.
1951 After several unsuccessful attacks on French colonial troops, North Vietnam’s General Vo Nguyen Giap orders Viet Minh to withdraw from the Red River Delta.
1954 At the Army-McCarthy hearings, attorney Joseph Welch asks Senator Joseph McCarthy “Have you no sense of decency?”
1959 The first ballistic missile-carrying submarine, the USS George Washington, is launched.
1972 American advisor John Paul Vann is killed in a helicopter accident in Vietnam.
1986 NASA publishes a report on the Challenger accident.
Born on June 9
1640 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1672 Peter I, Russian Czar (1682-1725).
1781 George Stephenson, English engineer, built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives.
1791 John Howard Payne, American playwright and actor.
1865 Carl Nielsen, Danish composer.
1877 Meta Vaux Warrick, sculptor.
1891 Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist.
1901 George Price, cartoonist.
1915 Les Paul, American guitarist and electric guitar innovator.
1916 Robert S. McNamara, U.S. Secretary of Defense under presidents John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson.

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