Today in History: June 2

Today in History
June 2

1537 Pope Paul III bans the enslavement of Indians in the New World.
1774 The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to allow British soldiers into their houses, is reenacted.
1793 Maximilien Robespierre, a member of France’s Committee on Public Safety, initiates the “Reign of Terror.”
1818 The British army defeats the Maratha alliance in Bombay, India.
1859 French forces cross the Ticino River.
1865 At Galveston, Texas, Confederate general Edmund Kirby Smith surrenders the Trans-Mississippi Department to Union forces.
1883 The first baseball game under electric lights is played in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
1886 Grover Cleveland becomes the first American president to wed while in office.
1910 Charles Stewart Rolls, one of the founders of Rolls-Royce, becomes the first man to fly an airplane nonstop across the English Channel both ways. Tragically, he becomes Britain’s first aircraft fatality the following month when his biplane breaks up in midair.
1924 The United States grants full citizenship to American Indians.
1928 Nationalist Chiang Kai-shek captures Peking, China, in a bloodless takeover.
1942 The American aircraft carriers Enterprise, Hornet and Yorktown move into their battle positions for the Battle of Midway.
1944 Allied “shuttle bombing” of Germany begins, with bombers departing from Italy and landing in the Soviet Union.
1946 Italian citizens vote by referendum for a republic.
1948 Jamaican-born track star Herb McKenley sets a new world record for the 400 yard dash.
1953 Elizabeth II is crowned queen of England at Westminster Abbey.
1954 Senator Joseph McCarthy charges that there are communists working in the CIA and atomic weapons plants.
1969 The Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne slices the destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half off the shore of South Vietnam.
Born on June 2
1731 Martha Dandridge, the first First Lady of the United States. Widow of Daniel Park Custis, she married George Washington in 1759.
1740 Donatien Alphonse Francois, the Marquis de Sade.
1840 Thomas Hardy, English poet and novelist (Far From the Madding Crowd, Tess of the D’Urbervilles).
1903 Robert Morris Page, physicist, inventor of pulse radar.
1904 Johnny Weissmuller, American gold-winning Olympic swimmer who portrayed Tarzan in films.
1913 Barbara Pym (Mary Crampton), English novelist (Less Than Angels, Quartet in Autumn).

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