Today in History
June 1

193 The Roman emperor, Marcus Didius, is murdered in his palace.
1533 Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII‘s new queen, is crowned.
1774 The British government orders the port of Boston closed.
1789 The first U.S. congressional act on administering oaths becomes law.
1812 American navy captain James Lawrence, mortally wounded in a naval engagement with the British, exhorts to the crew of his vessel, the Chesapeake, “Don’t give up the ship!”
1862 General Robert E. Lee assumes command of the Confederate army outside Richmond after General Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines.
1864 The Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, begins as Confederate general Robert E. Lee tries to turn Union general Ulysses S. Grant’s flank.
1868 James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, dies.
1877 U.S. troops are authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico.
1915 Germany conducts the first zeppelin air raid over England.
1916 The National Defense Act increases the strength of the U.S. National Guard by 450,000 men.
1921 A race riot erupts in Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing 85 people.
1939 The Douglas DC-4 makes its first passenger flight from Chicago to New York.
1941 The German Army completes the capture of Crete as the Allied evacuation ends.
1942 America begins sending Lend-Lease materials to the Soviet Union.
1958 Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France.
1963 Governor George Wallace vows to defy an injunction ordering integration of the University of Alabama.
1978 The U.S. reports finding wiretaps in the American embassy in Moscow.
Born on June 1
1563 Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury.
1801 Brigham Young, American religious leader.
1814 Philip Kearney, Union general.
1831 John B. Hood, Confederate general.
1878 John Masefield, English poet.
1898 Molly Picon, comic actress and singer.
1901 John van Druten, English playwright (I am a Camera).
1926 Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jean Mortenson, later Norma Jean Baker), film actress and icon.
1932 Christopher Lasch, American social critic and writer.

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