Today in History
July 28

1540 Henry VIII of England marries Catherine Howard; Thomas Cromwell is beheaded on Tower Hill in England.
1615 French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovers Lake Huron on his seventh voyage to the New World.
1794 Robespierre is beheaded in France.
1808 Sultan Mustafa of the Ottoman Empire is deposed and his cousin Mahmud II gains the throne.
1835 King Louis-Philippe of France survives an assassination attempt.
1863 Confederate John Mosby begins a series of attacks against General George Meade‘s Army of the Potomac.
1868 The 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees citizenship to all those born or naturalized in the United States, is adopted.
1898 Spain, through the offices of the French embassy in Washington, D.C., requests peace terms in its war with the United States.
1914 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia, beginning World War I.
1920 Pancho Villa surrenders to the Mexican government.
1932 The Bonus Army of impoverished World War I veterans is violently pushed out of Washington, D.C.
1941 A Japanese army lands on the coast of Cochin, China (modern day Vietnam).
1945 A B-25 bomber crashes into the Empire State Building in New York City, killing 13 people.
1965 President Lyndon Johnson sends an additional 50,000 troops to South Vietnam.
1988 Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for the first time in 21 years.
1990 A fire at an electrical substation causes a blackout in Chicago. Some 40,000 people were without power for up to three days.
1996 Discovery of remains of a prehistoric man near Kennewick, Washington, casts doubts on accepted beliefs of when, how and where the Americas were populated.
2005 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) announces an end to its 30-year armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
2005 Britain experiences its most costly tornado to date, causing 40 million Sterling Pounds of damage to Birmingham in just four minutes. There were no fatalities.
Born on July 28
1844 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet and Jesuit priest.
1866 Beatrix Potter, children’s author (The Tale of Peter Rabbit).
1887 Marcel Duchamp, French artist.
1901 Harry Bridges, American labor leader.
1902 Kenneth Fearing, poet and novelist (The Big Clock).
1907 Earl Silas Tupper, founder of Tupperware.
1927 John Ashbery, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (Self-Portrait in a Convict’s Mirror).
1927 Baruch Blumberg, physician, medical researcher.
1929 Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, wife of President John F. Kennedy.
1943 Bill Bradley, basketball player, U.S. senator.

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