Today in History: July 20

Today in History
July 20

1402   Tamerlane’s Mongols defeat the Ottoman Turks at Angora.
1588   The Spanish Armada sets sail from Corunna.
1715   The Riot Act goes into effect in England.
1864   Near Atlanta, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman in the Battle of Peachtree Creek. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1867   Imperial troops in Guizhou, China, kill 20,000 Miao rebels.
1881   Sioux chief Sitting Bull surrenders to the U.S. Army.
1917   Alexander Kerensky becomes the premier of Russia.
1942   The U.S. Army Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) begins its first training class at Fort Des Moines, Iowa.
1944   Adolf Hitler is wounded in an assassination attempt by German Army officers at Rastenburg.
1950   The U.S. Army’s Task Force Smith is pushed back by superior North Korean forces.
1951   King Abdullah of Jordan is assassinated.
1969   Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin become the first men to walk on the moon.
1976   The Viking spacecraft lands on Mars and begins taking soil samples.
Born on July 20
1304   Francisco Petrarch, Italian poet and scholar.
1591   Anne Hutchinson, religious liberal, one of the founders of Rhode Island.
1850   John Graves Shedd, president of Marshall Field and Company.
1919   Edmund Hillary, New Zealand explorer.
1933   Cormac McCarthy, novelist (All the Pretty Horses).
1939   Judy Chicago, artist.

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