Today in History
July 19

1525   The Catholic princes of Germany form the Dessau League to fight against the Reformation.
1545   King Henry VIII of England watches his flagship, Mary Rose, capsize as it leaves to battle the French.
1788   Prices plunge on the Paris stock market.
1799   The Rosetta Stone, a tablet with hieroglyphic translations into Greek, is found in Egypt.
1848   The first Women’s Rights Convention convenes in Seneca Falls, N.Y, organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
1870   France declares war on Prussia.
1942   German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their positions along the Atlantic coast of the United States in response to the effective American convoy system.

The name for the naval campaign—”Battle of the Atlantic”—was coined by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in February 1941. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]

1943   More than 150 B-17 and 112 B-24 bombers attack Rome for the first time.
1975   Apollo and Soyuz spacecrafts dock in orbit.
Born on July 19
1814   Samuel Colt, gunmaker, inventor of the first practical revolver.
1834   Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter.
1860   Lizzie Borden, teacher, famous murder suspect.
1865   Charles Mayo, American surgeon, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic.
1893   Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet.
1896   A.J. Cronin, Scottish novelist (The Citadel, The Keys of the Kingdom).
1905   Edgar Snow, journalist.
1922   George McGovern, U.S. senator and presidential candidate.

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