Today in History
July 16

1765   English Prime Minister Lord Grenville resigns and is replaced by Lord Rockingham.
1774   Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainardji, ending their six-year war.
1779   American troops under General Anthony Wayne capture Stony Point, N.Y.
1861   At the order of President Abraham Lincoln, Union troops begin a 25-mile march into Virginia for what will become the First Battle of Bull Run, the first major land battle of the Civil War. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1875   The new French constitution is finalized.
1882   Mary Todd Lincoln, the widow of Abraham Lincoln, dies of a stroke.
1940   Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of England.
1944   Soviet troops occupy Vilnius, Lithuania, in their drive towards Germany.
1945   The United States detonates the first atomic bomb in a test at Alamogordo, N. M.
1969   Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape Kennedy, Florida, heading for a landing on the moon.
1999   A private plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr. is lost over the waters off Martha’s Vineyard, Mass.
Born on July 16
1723   Joshua Reynolds, British portrait painter.
1821   Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Christian Science movement.
1862   Ida Bell Wells, journalist.
1896   Trygve Lie, first secretary-general of the United Nations.
1907   Barbara Stanwyck, actress.
1911   Ginger Rogers, actress and dancer.
1928   Anita Brookner, writer (Hotel du Lac).
1941   Dag Solstad, Norwegian novelist and playwright.
1948   Ruben Blades, songwriter and actor.
1948   Pinchas Zukerman, violinist and conductor.

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