Today in History
July 14

1223   In France, Louis VIII succeeds his father, Philip Augustus.
1430   Joan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, is handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais.
1456   Hungarians defeat the Ottomans at the Battle of Belgrade, in present-day Yugoslavia.
1536   France and Portugal sign the Treaty of Lyons, aligning themselves against Spain.
1789   The Bastille, a fortress in Paris used to hold political prisoners, is stormed by a mob.
1790   Baron Ernst Gideon von Laudon, an Austrian field marshal who was one of the most successful opponents of Prussian king Frederick the Great, dies at age 77 while still on duty at Nový Jičín (Neu-Titschein) in Moravia. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1798   The Sedition Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
1864   At Harrisburg, Mississippi, Federal troops under General Andrew Jackson Smith repulse an attack by General Nathan Bedford Forrest.
1900   European Allies retake Tientsin, China, from the rebelling Boxers.
1933   Nazi Germany promulgates the Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health–the beginning of the Euthanasia program.
1938   Howard Hughes and crew set a new world record for an around-the-world flight.
1940   A force of German bombers attacks Suez, Egypt, from bases in Crete.
1941   Vichy French Foreign Legionaries sign an armistice in Damascus, allowing them to join the Free French Foreign Legion.
1945   American battleships and cruisers bombard the Japanese home islands for the first time.
1951   The George Washington Carver National Monument in Joplin, Missouri becomes the first national park honoring an African American.
1964   The United States sends 600 more troops to Vietnam.
Born on July 14
1858   Emmeline Pankhurst, founder of the Women’s Social and Political Union.
1860   Owen Wister, novelist (The Virginian).
1903   Irving Stone, biographical novelist.
1904   Isaac Singer, Polish-born American writer.
1912   Woodrow Wilson “Woody” Guthrie, American folk singer.
1913   Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States (1974-1977).
1916   Natalia Ginzburg, Italian novelist (The Dry Heat, Family Sayings).
1918   Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film director (The Seventh Seal, Fanny and Alexander).
1918   Arthur Laurents, writer and librettist.

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