Today in History: July 13

Today in History
July 13

1099   The Crusaders launch their final assault on Jerusalem.
1534   Ottoman armies capture Tabriz in northwestern Persia.
1558   Led by the Count of Egmont, the Spanish army defeats the French at Gravelines, France.
1585   A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reaches Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
1643   In England, the Roundheads, led by Sir William Waller, are defeated by Royalist troops under Lord Wilmot in the Battle of Roundway Down.
1754   George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to the French, leaving them in control of the Ohio Valley.
1787   Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, enacts the Northwest Ordinance, establishing rules for governing the Northwest Territory, for admitting new states to the Union and limiting the expansion of slavery.
1798   English poet William Wordsworth visits the ruins of Tintern Abbey.
1832   Henry Schoolcraft discovers the source of the Mississippi River in Minnesota.
1862   Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
1863   Opponents of the draft begin three days of rioting in New York City.
1866   The Great Eastern begins a two week voyage to complete a 12-year effort to lay telegraph cable across the Atlantic between Britain and the United States.
1878   The Congress of Berlin divides the Balkans among European powers.
1890   Explorer, politician, and soldier John C. Frémont, popularly known as the “Pathfinder of the Rocky Mountains,” dies of peritonitis in New York at age 77.
In his memoirs, Frémont coined the phrase “Golden Gate” for the strait between Marin County and San Francisco County. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1939   Frank Sinatra records his first song, “From the Bottom of My Heart,” with the Harry James Band.
1941   Britain and the Soviet Union sign a mutual aid pact, providing the means for Britain to send war materiel to the Soviet Union.
1954   In Geneva, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the People’s Republic of China and France reach an accord on Indochina, dividing Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel.
1971   The Army of Morocco executes 10 leaders accused of leading a revolt.
Born on July 13
1793   John Clare, English poet.
1886   Edward J. Flanagan, Catholic priest, founder of Boys’ Town.
1928   Robert N.C. Nix, Jr., first African-American chief justice of a state supreme court.
1933   David Storey, English novelist (The Sporting Life).
1934   Wole Soyinka, Nobel Prize-winning Nigerian playwright.
1935   Jack Kemp, football player, politician.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *