Today in History: July 10

Today in History
July 10

1086   King Canute IV of Denmark is killed by rebellious peasants. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1520   The Spanish explorer Hernan Cortes is driven from Tenochtitlan and retreats to Tlaxcala.
1609   The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximilian of Bavaria.
1679   The British crown claims New Hampshire as a royal colony.
1776   The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City.
1778   In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England.
1850   Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the United States following the death of Zachary Taylor.
1890   Wyoming becomes the 44th state.
1893   Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion.
1925   The trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes opens, with Clarence Darrow appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution.
1940   Germany begins the bombing of England.
1942   General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
1943   American and British forces complete their amphibious landing of Sicily.
1945   U.S. carrier-based aircraft begin airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.
1951   Armistice talks between the United Nations and North Korea begin at Kaesong.
1960   Belgium sends troops to the Congo to protect whites as the Congolese Bloodbath begins, just 10 days after the former colony became independent of Belgian rule.
1962   The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.
1965   “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” becomes the Rolling Stones’ first No. 1 single in the USA.
1967   Singer Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe,” which will become a country music classic and win 4 Grammys.
1976   In Seveso, near Milan, Italy, an explosion in a chemical factory covers the surrounding area with toxic dioxin. Time magazine has ranked the Seveso incident No. 8 on its list of the 10 worst environmental disasters.
1985   Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following a public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke.”
1991   Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR.
1993   Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.
Born on July 10
1509   John Calvin, Protestant religious leader, founder of Calvinism.
1830   Camille Pissarro, French painter.
1834   James Abbott McNeill Whistler, painter.
1871   Marcel Proust, French novelist (Remembrance of Things Past).
1875   Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, founder of Bethune-Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women.
1905   Ivie Anderson, jazz singer.
1915   Saul Bellow, writer.
1920   David Brinkley, broadcaster.
1927   David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City.
1931   Alice Munro, Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth).
1933   Jerry Herman, songwriter.
1943   Arthur Ashe, American tennis player.
1947   Folk singer Arlo Guthrie (“Alice’s Restaurant,” “City of New Orleans”), son of Woody Guthrie.
1965   Alexia, princess of Greece and Denmark.
1980   Adam Petty, race driver, first fourth-generation driver in NASCAR history; his death in 2000 contributed to NASCAR’s decision to mandate a kill switch on steering wheels.

One Response to Today in History: July 10

  1. Miguel says:

    july 10 Jessica Simpson Born

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