Today in History
July 9

118   Hadrian, Rome’s new emperor, makes his entry into the city.
455   Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, becomes Emperor of the West.
1553   Maurice of Saxony is mortally wounded at Sievershausen, Germany, while defeating Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
1609   Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of worship.
1755   General Edward Braddock is killed by French and Indian troops.
1789   In Versailles, the French National Assembly declares itself the Constituent Assembly and begins to prepare a French constitution.
1790   The Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet at the Battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
1850   U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies in office at the age of 65. He is succeeded by Millard Fillmore.
1861   Confederate cavalry led by John Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Kentucky.
1900   The Commonwealth of Australia is established by an act of British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.
1942   Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the attic above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1943   American and British forces make an amphibious landing on Sicily.
1944   Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala, the largest battle ever fought in northern Europe. The Red Army withdraws its troops from Ihantala and digs into a defensive position, thus ending the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1971   The United States turns over complete responsibility of the Demilitarized Zone to South Vietnamese units.
Born on July 9
1764   Ann Radcliffe, English novelist.
1819   Elias Howe, inventor of the sewing machine.
1858   Franz Boas, anthropologist.
1887   Samuel Eliot Morison, biographer and historian.
1894   Dorothy Thompson, journalist, writer and radio commentator.
1908   Minor White, abstract photographer.
1926   Mathilde Krim, geneticist, founder of the AIDS foundation.
1933   Oliver Sachs, neurologist and author (Awakenings).
1936   June Jordan, poet and author.
1937   David Hockney, painter.

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