Today in History: July 7

Today in History
July 7

1742   A Spanish force invading Georgia runs headlong into the colony’s British defenders. The battle decides the fate of a colony.
1777   American troops give up Fort Ticonderoga, on Lake Champlain, to the British.
1791   Benjamin Rush, Richard Allen and Absalom Jones found the Non-denominational African Church.
1795   Thomas Paine defends the principal of universal suffrage at the Constitutional Convention in Paris.
1798   Congress reacts to the XYZ affair during the administration of President John Adams by rescinding the Treaty of Alliance with France, sparking the “Quasi-War”—an undeclared war between the United States and the French Republic that will be fought almost entirely at sea until 1800.
The name derives from the substitution of the letters X, Y, and Z for the names of three French diplomats in documents released by the Adams administration. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1798   Napoleon Bonaparte‘s army begins its march towards Cairo from Alexandria.
1807   Czar Alexander meets with Napoleon Bonaparte.
1814   Sir Walter Scott’s novel Waverley is published anonymously so as not to damage his reputation as a poet.
1815   After defeating Napoleon at Waterloo, the victorious Allies march into Paris.
1853   Japan opens its ports to trade with the West after 250 years of isolation.
1863   Confederate General Robert E. Lee, in Hagerstown, Maryland, reports his defeat at Gettysburg to President Jefferson Davis.
1925   Afrikaans is recognized as one of the official languages of South Africa, along with English and Dutch.
1927   Christopher Stone becomes the first British ‘disc jockey’ when he plays records for the BBC.
1941   Although a neutral country, the United States sends troops to occupy Iceland to keep it out of Germany’s hands.
1943   Adolf Hitler makes the V-2 missile program a top priority in armament planning.
1966   The U.S. Marine Corps launches Operation Hasting to drive the North Vietnamese Army back across the Demilitarized Zone in Vietnam.
1969   The first U.S. units to withdraw from South Vietnam leave Saigon.
1981   Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman to serve on the Supreme Court.
Born on July 7
1752   Joseph-Marie Jacquard, French inventor, textile industry pioneer.
1860   Gustav Mahler, composer and conductor.
1887   Marc Chagall, French painter and designer.
1906   Leroy “Satchel” Page, baseball pitcher.
1940   Ringo Starr, musician, one of the Beatles.

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