Today in History
July 2

1298 An army under Albert of Austria defeats forces led by Adolf of Nassau.
1625 The Spanish army takes Breda, Spain, after nearly a year of siege.
1644 Oliver Cromwell crushes the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor.
1747 Marshall Saxe leads the French forces to victory over an Anglo-Dutch force under the Duke of Cumberland at the Battle of Lauffeld.
1776 The Continental Congress resolves with the Declaration of Independence that the American colonies “are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.”
1822 Denmark Vesey is executed in Charleston, South Carolina, for planning a massive slave revolt.
1858 Czar Alexander II frees the serfs working on imperial lands.
1863 The Union left flank holds at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg.
1881 Charles J. Guiteau fatally wounds President James A. Garfield in Washington, D.C.
1926 Congress establishes the Army Air Corps.
1937 American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart disappears in the Central Pacific during an attempt to fly around the world.
1961 Novelist Ernest Hemingway commits suicide at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
1964 President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act into law.
1967 The U.S. launches Operation Buffalo in Vietnam.
1976 North and South Vietnam are officially reunified.
1980 President Jimmy Carter reinstates draft registration for males 18 years of age.
Born on July 2
1489 Thomas Cranmer, first Protestant archbishop of Canterbury (1533-1556).
1877 Hermann Hesse, German novelist and poet.
1894 Andre Kertesz, photographer.
1900 Tyrone Guthrie, English theater director.
1908 Thurgood Marshall, first African-American Supreme Court Justice.
1916 Barry Gray, radio talk show host.
1918 Robert Sarnoff, president of NBC.
1926 Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist.

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