January 27

1695 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II.
1825 Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears.”
1862 President Abraham Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1, setting in motion the Union armies.
1900 Foreign diplomats in Peking fear revolt and demand that the Imperial Government discipline the Boxer Rebels.
1905 Russian General Kuropatkin takes the offensive in Manchuria. The Japanese under General Oyama suffer heavy casualties.
1916 President Woodrow Wilson opens the preparedness program.
1918 Communists attempt to seize power in Finland.
1924 Lenin’s body is laid in a marble tomb on Red Square near the Kremlin.
1935 A League of Nations majority favors depriving Japan of mandates.
1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves the sale of U.S. war planes to France.
1941 The United States and Great Britain begin high-level military talks in Washington.
1943 The first U.S. raids on the Reich blast Wilhelmshaven base and Emden.
1959 NASA selects 110 candidates for the first U.S. space flight.
1965 Military leaders oust the civilian government of Tran Van Huong in Saigon.
1967 Three astronauts are killed in a flash fire that engulfed their Apollo 1 spacecraft.
1973 A cease fire in Vietnam is called as the Paris peace accords are signed by the United States and North Vietnam.
1978 The State Supreme Court rules that Nazis can display the Swastika in a march in Skokie, Illinois.
1985 Pope John Paul II says mass to one million in Venezuela.
Born on January 27
1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian musical genius and composer; his works included The Marriage of Figaro and The Magic Flute.
1850 Samuel Gompers, first President of the American Federation of Labor.
1859 Kaiser Wilhelm II, emperor; ruled Germany during World War I but was forced to abdicate in 1918.
1900 Hyman Rickover, American admiral who is considered the “Father of the Atomic Submarine.”

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