Today in History: February 27

February 27

425   Theodosius effectively founds a university in Constantinople.
1531   German Protestants form the League of Schmalkalden to resist the power of the emperor.
1700   The Pacific Island of New Britain is discovered.
1814   Napoleon‘s Marshal Nicholas Oudinot is pushed back at Bar-sur-Aube by the Emperor’s allied enemies shortly before Napoleon’s abdication.
1827   The first Mardi-Gras celebration is held in New Orleans.
1864   The first Union prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison in Andersonville, Georgia. Of nearly 45,000 prisoners of war who arrive at the camp, approximately 13,000 will perish from starvation, scurvy, diarrhea, and dysentery. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1865   Confederate raider William Quantrill and his bushwackers attack Hickman, Kentucky, shooting women and children.
1905   The Japanese push the Russians back in Manchuria and cross the Sha River.
1908   The forty-sixth star is added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma’s admission to statehood.
1920   The United States rejects a Soviet peace offer as propaganda.
1925   Glacier Bay National Monument is dedicated in Alaska.
1933   The burning down of the Reichstag building in Berlin gives the Nazis the opportunity to suspend personal liberty with increased power.
1939   The Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes.
1942   British Commandos raid a German radar station at Bruneval on the French coast.
1953   F-84 Thunderjets raid a North Korean base on the Yalu River.
1962   South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem is unharmed as two planes bomb the presidential palace in Saigon.
1963   The Soviet Union says that 10,000 troops will remain in Cuba.
1969   Thousands of students protest President Richard Nixon‘s arrival in Rome.
1973   The U.S. Supreme Court rules that a Virginia pool club can’t bar customers because of color.
1988   Debi Thomas becomes the first African-American to win a medal at the Winter Olympics.
1991   Coalition forces liberate Kuwait after seven months of occupation by the Iraqi army.
Born on February 27
1807   Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet.
1886   Hugo Black, U.S. Supreme Court justice.
1888   Lotte Lehmann, German opera singer.
1891   David Sarnoff, RCA board chairman and a pioneer of U.S. television
1897   Marian Anderson, singer.
1902   John Steinbeck, American novelist (The Grapes of Wrath, Of Mice and Men).
1904   James T. Farrell, author (Young Lonigan).
1910   Peter De Vries, writer, poetry editor (Poetry Magazine, The New Yorker).
1912   Lawrence Durrell, novelist (The Alexandria Quartet).
1917   John Connally, Texas Governor, wounded in the assassination of President John Kennedy.
1930   Joanne Woodward, actress (Rachel, Rachel, The Three Faces of Eve).
1932   Elizabeth Taylor, actress (Cleopatra, Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?).
1934   Ralph Nader, consumer advocate.

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