Today in History
December 9

536 Having captured Naples earlier in the year, Belisarius takes Rome.
1861 The U.S. Senate approves the establishment of a committee that would become the Joint Committee on the Conduct of War.
1863 Major General John G. Foster replaces Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as Commander of the Department of Ohio.
1867 The capital of Colorado Territory is moved from Golden to Denver.
1872 P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first African-American governor of Louisiana.
1900 The Russian czar rejects Boer Paul Kruger’s pleas for aid in South Africa against the British.
1908 A child labor bill passes in the German Reichstag, forbidding work for children under age 13.
1917 The new Finnish Republic demands the withdrawal of Russian troops.
1940 The British army seizes 1,000 Italians in a sudden thrust in Egypt.
1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt tells Americans to plan for a long war.
1948 The United States abandons a plan to de-concentrate industry in Japan.
1949 The United Nations takes trusteeship over Jerusalem.
1950 President Harry Truman bans U.S. exports to Communist China.
1950 Harry Gold gets 30 years imprisonment for passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II.
1955 Sugar Ray Robinson knocks out Carl Olson to regain the world middleweight boxing title.
1960 The Laos government flees to Cambodia as the capital city of Vientiane is engulfed in war.
1990 Lech Walesa is elected president of Poland.
1992 U.S. Marines land in Somalia to ensure food and medicine reaches the deprived areas of that country.
2008 Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is arrested on federal charges, including an attempt to sell the US Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama.
Born on December 9
1608 John Milton, British writer and poet (Paradise Lost).
1809 William Barret Travis, commander of the Texas troops at the Battle of the Alamo.
1848 Joel Chandler Harris, writer, creator of the Uncle Remus tales.
1899 Jean de Brunhoff, illustrator and author, creator of the Babar series of books.
1906 Grace Hopper, mathematician and computer pioneer.
1912 Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill, speaker of the House of Representatives (1977-1987).
1918 Kirk Douglas, American actor (Spartacus).
1919 William Lipscomb, chemist; awarded the Nobel Prize in 1976.
1922 Redd Foxx (John Sanford), comedian, actor; best known for his starring role in the TV series Sanford and Son.
1926 Henry Kendall, particle physicist; shared the Nobel Prize in 1990.
1928 Dick Van Patten, actor; best known for his role on the TV series Eight is Enough.
1929 John Cassavetes, actor (The Dirty Dozen), film director, screenwriter (Faces).
1932 Billy Edd Wheeler, singer, songwriter (“Jackson,” “Coward of the County”).
1934 Judi Dench (Dame Judith Dench), actress; known to James Bond fans for her role as M in Bond films beginning with Golden Eye (1997), her many awards include an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress (Chocolat, 2000).
1942 Dick Butkus, pro football player; inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, 1979.
1953 John Malkovich, actor (Places in the Heart), producer (Juno), director, fashion designer.
1963 Masako, Crown Princes of Japan, wife of Crown Prince Naruhito, heir apparent to the Chrysanthemum Throne.

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