Today in History: December 5

Today in History
December 5

1484   Pope Innocent VIII issues a bull deploring the spread of witchcraft and heresy in Germany.
1776   Phi Beta Kappa is organized as the first American college Greek-letter fraternity, at William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va.
1791   Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies in Vienna.
1861   In the U.S. Congress, petitions and bills calling for the abolition of slavery are introduced.
1862   Union General Ulysses S. Grant‘s cavalry receives a setback in an engagement on the Mississippi Central Railroad at Coffeeville, Mississippi.
1864   Confederate General John Bell Hood sends Nathan Bedford Forrest‘s cavalry and a division of infantry toward Murfreesboro, TN.
1904   The Japanese destroy a Russian fleet at Port Arthur in Korea.
1909   George Taylor makes the first manned glider flight in Australia in a glider that he designed himself.
1912   Italy, Austria and Germany renew the Triple Alliance for six years.
1916   David Lloyd George replaces Herbert Asquith as the British prime minister.
1921   The British empire reaches an accord with the Irish revolutionary group Sinn Fein; Ireland is to become a free state.
1933   The 21st Amendment ends Prohibition in the United States, which had begun 13 years earlier.
1934   Italian and Ethiopian troops clash at the Ual-ual on the disputed Somali-Ethiopian border.
1936   The New Constitution in the Soviet Union promises universal suffrage, but the Communist Party remains the only legal political party.
1937   The Lindberghs arrive in New York on a holiday visit after a two-year voluntary exile.
1945   Four TBM Avenger bombers disappear approximately 100 miles off the coast of Florida.
1950   Pyongyang in Korea falls to the invading Chinese army.
1953   Italy and Yugoslavia agree to pull troops out of the disputed Trieste border.
1955   A bus boycott begins under the leadership of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., in Montgomery, Alabama.
1964   Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry above and beyond the call of duty in Vietnam. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1966   Comedian and political activist Dick Gregory heads for Hanoi, North Vietnam, despite federal warnings against it.
1978   The Soviet Union signs a 20-year friendship pact with Afghanistan.
1983   A military junta dissolves in Argentina.
2006   Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.
2007   A gunman armed with a semi-automatic rifle kills 8 people at Westroads Mall, Omaha, NE., before taking his own life.
Born on December 5
1782   Martin Van Buren, 8th president in the United States–and the first born in the United States.
1839   George Armstrong Custer, Union cavalry leader who met his fate at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
1890   Fritz Lang, film director (Metropolis, M).
1901   Walt Disney, animator and creator of an entertainment empire.
1931   James Cleveland, considered the “King of Gospel.”
1932   Richard Wayne Penniman (Little Richard), singer, musician; an important influence on rock ‘n’ roll.
1934   Joan Didion, essayist and novelist (Slouching Towards Bethlehem, Play it as it Lays).
1935   Calvin Trillin, journalist and writer.
1947   Jim Plunkett, pro football quarterback.
1963   Eddie “The Eagle” Edwards, the first to represent Great Britain in Olympic ski jumping.
1969   Morgan J. Freeman, film director; his Hurricane Streets (1997) was the first narrative film to win three awards at the Sundance Film Festival; produced MTV reality shows (16 and Pregnant, Teen Mom).

One Response to Today in History: December 5

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