Today in History

August 30

1721   The Peace of Nystad ends the Second Northern War between Sweden and Russia, giving Russia considerably more power in the Baltic region.
1781   The French fleet arrives in the Chesapeake Bay to aid the American Revolution.
1813   Creek Indians massacre over 500 whites at Fort Mims, Alabama.
1861   Union General John Fremont declares martial law throughout Missouri and makes his own emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the state. President Lincoln overrules the general.
1932   Nazi leader Hermann Goering is elected president of the Reichstag.
1944   Ploesti, the center of the Rumanian oil industry, falls to Soviet troops.
1963   A Hot Line communications link is installed between Moscow and Washington, DC.
1967   The US Senate confirms Thurgood Marshall as the first African-American Supreme Court justice.
1982   Yasser Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) is forced out of Lebanon after 10 years in Beirut during the Lebanese Civil War.
1983   Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford, Jr., becomes the first African-American astronaut to travel in space.
1986   The KGB arrests journalist Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report) on a charge of spying and hold him for 13 days.
Born on August 30
1797   Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, novelist best known for Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus.
1871   Ernest Rutherford, physicist who discovered and named alpha, beta and gamma radiation and was the first to achieve a man-made nuclear reaction.
1893   Huey P. Long, Louisiana politician who served as governor and U.S. senator, known as “The Kingfish.”
1918   Ted Williams, Hall of Fame outfielder for the Boston Red Sox, the last man to hit .400 in a season.
1919   Kitty Wells (Ellen Muriel Deason), first female singer to top the Country Music charts in US (“It Wasn’t God Who Made Honky-Tonk Angels,” 1952).
1930   Warren Buffett, business magnate; listed as the world’s wealthiest person in 2008.
1931   Carrie Saxon Perry, first black mayor of a major US city (Hartford CT).
1943   Robert Crumb (R. Crumb), satiric “underground” cartoonist (Fritz the Cat), musician.
1944   Molly Ivins, American political humorist, newspaper columnist.
1956   Jayne Irving, TV broadcaster (Good Morning Britain).
1958   Anna Politkovskaya (Anna Mazepa), New York-born Ukrainian journalist, writer, human rights advocate best known for her reporting from Chechnya.
1960   Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese political-paramilitary group Hezbollah since 1992.
1960   US Army Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, receives posthumous Medal of Honor for his actions in the Battle of Mogadishu, Somalia.
1964   Gavin Fisher, mechanical engineer; chief designer of the Williams Formula One racing team (1997–2005).
1972   Cameron Diaz, model, award-winning actress (The Mask, There’s Something About Mary, Any Given Sunday).

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