Today in History
August 29

70   The Temple of Jerusalem burns after a nine-month Roman siege.
1526   Ottoman Suleiman the Magnificent crushes a Hungarian army under Lewis II at the Battle of Mohacs.
1533   In Peru, the Inca chief Atahualpa is executed by orders of Francisco Pizarro, although the chief had already paid his ransom.
1776   General George Washington retreats during the night from Long Island to New York City.
1862   Union General John Pope‘s army is defeated by a smaller Confederate force at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
1942   The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
1945   U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.
1949   The USSR explodes its first atomic bomb, “First Lightning.”
1952   In the largest bombing raid of the Korean War, 1,403 planes of the Far East Air Force bomb Pyongyang, North Korea.
1957   The US Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957 after Strom Thurmond (Sen-D-SC) ends a 24-hour filibuster, the longest in Senate history, against the bill.
1960   A US U-2 spy plane spots SAM (surface-to-air) missile launch pads in Cuba.
1965   Astronauts L. Gordon Cooper Jr. and Charles “Pete” Conrad Jr complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5, marking the first time the US set an international duration record for a manned space mission.
1986   Morocco’s King Hassan II signs a unity treaty with Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi, strengthening political and economic ties and creating a mutual defense pact.
1991   The USSR’s parliament suspends Communist Party activities in the wake of a failed coup.
1995   NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
2003   A terrorist bomb kills Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, and nearly 100 worshipers as they leave a mosque in Najaf where the ayatollah had called for Iraqi unity.
2012   The Egyptian Army’s Operation Eagle results in the deaths of 11 suspected terrorists and the arrest of another 23.
Born on August 29
1632   John Locke, philosopher of liberalism whose ideas influenced the American founding fathers, famous for his treatise An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
1809   Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., poet, essayist and father of Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
1898   Preston Sturges, screenwriter, film director and playwright.
1915   Ingrid Bergman, Oscar winning actress  whose famous films include Casablanca and Anastasia.
1920   Charlie “Bird” Parker, self-taught jazz saxophonist, pioneer of the new “cool” movement.
1923   Richard Attenborough, actor, (The Great Escape, Jurassic Park) Academy Award–winning director and producer (Gandhi)
1924   Dinah Washington, singer known in the 50s as “The Queen of the Harlem Blues.”
1927   Marion Williams, gospel singer.
1931   Lise Payette, Quebec politician, writer and columnist.
1933   Jehan Sadat, First Lady of Egypt (1970–1981); widow of Anwar Sadat.
1935   William Friedkin, director, producer, writer (The Exorcist, The French Connection).
1936   John McCain, Republican US presidential nominee (2008) .
1938   Elliott Gould, actor (M*A*S*H, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice).
1940   James Brady, press secretary who was severely wounded during John Hinckley Jr.’s attempt to assassinate US President Ronald Reagan.
1941   Robin Leach, TV host (Life Styles of the Rich and Famous).
1943   Richard Halligan, vocalist with band Blood Sweat & Tears.
1952   Karen Hesse, Newbery Medal–winning author of children’s literature (Out of the Dust).
1958   Michael Jackson, pop singer, entertainer.


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