Today in History
August 28

1676   Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, is killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.
1862   Mistakenly believing the Confederate Army to be in retreat, Union General John Pope attacks, beginning the Battle of Groveton. Both sides sustain heavy casualties.
1914   Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I.
1941   The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph
1944   German forces in Toulon and Marseilles, France, surrender to the Allies.
1945   Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.
1963   One of the largest demonstrations in the history of the United States, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, takes place and reaches its climax at the base of the Lincoln Memorial when Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “I have a dream” speech.
1965   The Viet Cong are routed in the Mekong Delta by U.S. forces, with more than 50 killed.
1979   An Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb explodes under a bandstand in Brussels’ Great Market as British Army musicians prepare for a performance; four British soldiers are wounded.
1981   John Hinckley Jr. pleads not guilty to attempting to assassinate Pres. Ronald Reagan.
1986   Bolivian president Victor Paz Estenssoro declares a state of siege and uses troops and tanks to halt a march by 10,000 striking tin miners.
1986   US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth is given a 365-year prison term for spying for the USSR.
Born on August 28
1749   Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, playwright and novelist, best known for Faust.
1774   Elizabeth Ann Seton, founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph and the first U.S.-born saint.
1828   Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (War and Peace, Anna Karenina).
1882   Belle Benchley, the first female zoo director in the world, who directed the Zoological Gardens of San Diego.
1896   Liam O’Flaherty, Irish novelist and short-story writer.
1903   Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian psychologist, educator of autistic and emotionally disturbed children.
1908   Roger Tory Peterson, author of the innovative bird book A Field Guide to Birds.
1925   Donald O’Connor, entertainer (Singin’ in the Rain, Anything Goes).
1939   Catherine “Cassie” Mackin, journalist; the first woman to anchor an evening newscast alone on a regular basis (NBC’s Sunday Night News); NBC’s first woman floor reporter at a national political convention.
1943   Lou Pinelia, American League Rookie of the Year (1969); 14th-winningest manager of all time.
1948   Daniel Seraphine, drummer with the band Chicago.
1951   Wayne Osmond, singer, songwriter, TV actor (The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters).
1952   Rita Dove, poet; the second African-American poet to receive the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (1987); the first African-American Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (1993-95); Poet Laureate of Virginia (2004-06).
1965   Shania Twain (Eilleen Regina Edwards), five-time Grammy-winning singer (“You’re Still the One”); only female artist to have three consecutive Diamond albums (10 million units sold).
1971   Todd Eldredge, figure skater; Men’s World Champion (1996).
1982   LeAnn Rimes, Grammy-winning singer (“Blue”), actress, (Northern Lights).
1986   Gilad Shalit, Israeli Defense Forces corporal kidnapped by Hamas and held for five years before being exchanged for 1,027 Palestinian prisoners.
1999   Prince Nikolai of Denmark.

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