Today in History
August 26

1071   Turks defeat the Byzantine army under Emperor Romanus IV at Manzikert, Eastern Turkey.
1429   Joan of Arc makes a triumphant entry into Paris.
1789   The Constituent Assembly in Versailles, France, approves the final version of the Declaration of Human Rights.
1862   Confederate General Thomas ‘Stonewall’ Jackson seizes Manassas Junction, Virginia, and moves to encircle Union forces under General John Pope.
1883   The Indonesian island of Krakatoa erupts in the largest explosion recorded in history, heard 2,200 miles away in Madagascar. The resulting destruction sends volcanic ash up 50 miles into the atmosphere and kills almost 36,000 people–both on the island itself and from the resulting 131-foot tidal waves that obliterate 163 villages on the shores of nearby Java and Sumatra.
1920   The 19th Amendment to the Constitution is officially ratified, giving women the right to vote.
1943   The United States recognizes the French Committee of National Liberation.
1966   South African Defense Force troops attack a People’s Liberation Army of Namibia unit at Omugulugwombashe, the first battle of the 22-year Namibian War of Independence.
1970   A nationwide Women’s Strike for Equality, led by Betty Friedan on the 50th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment calls attention to unequal pay and other gender inequalities in America.
1999   Russia begins the Second Chechen War in response to the Invasion of Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade.
Born on August 26
1743   Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, the father of modern chemistry who defined the role of oxygen and named it.
1874   Lee de Forest, physicist, inventor, considered the father of radio.
1875   John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, writer and governor general of Canada, famous for his book The Thirty-Nine Steps.
1898   Peggy Guggenheim, art patron and collector.
1906   Christopher Isherwood, English novelist and playwright, author of Goodbye to Berlin, the inspiration for the play I Am a Camera and the musical and film Cabaret.
1906   Albert Sabin, medical researcher, developed the polio vaccine.
1910   Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu), missionary, Nobel Prize laureate for her work in the slums of Calcutta.
1922   Irving Levine, journalist; first American television correspondent to be accredited in the Soviet Union.
1940   Donald Leroy “Don” LaFontaine, voice-over actor; recorded more than 5,000 film trailers and hundreds of thousands of television advertisements, network promotions, and video game trailers.
1944   Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester (Richard Alexander Walter George).
1945   Tom Ridge, first US Secretary of Homeland Security.
1952   Will Shortz, American puzzle creator and editor.
1957   Nikky Finney (Lynn Carol Finney), poet; won National Book Award (Head Off & Split).
1960   Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader.
1970   Melissa Ann McCarthy, comedian, writer, producer, Emmy-winning actress (Mike & Molly TV series).

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