Today in History: August 25

Today in History
August 25

357   Julian defeats the Alamanni at Strasbourg in Gaul.
1346   Edward III of England defeats Philip VI’s army at the Battle of Crecy in France.
1758   The Prussian army defeats the invading Russians at the Battle of Zorndorf.
1765   In protest over the stamp tax, American colonists sack and burn the home of Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson.
1862   Union and Confederate troops skirmish at Waterloo Bridge, Virginia, during the Second Bull Run Campaign.
1864   Confederate General A.P. Hill pushes back Union General Winfield Scott Hancock from Reams Station where his army has spent several days destroying railroad tracks.
1916   The National Park Service is established as part of the Department of the Interior.
1920   The Battle of Warsaw, raging since August 13, ends in a decisive upset victory by Jozef Pilsudski’s Poles against the Red Army of Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1921   The United States, which never ratified the Versailles Treaty ending World War I, finally signs a peace treaty with Germany.
1941   British and Soviet forces enter Iran, opening up a route to supply the Soviet Union.
1944   Paris is liberated from German occupation by Free French Forces under General Jacques LeClerc.
1948   The House Un-American Activities Committee holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing.
1950   President Harry Truman orders the U.S. Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike.
1991   The Airbus A340 makes its first flight.
1991   Belarus gains independence from the USSR.
1991   The Croatian War of Independence breaks out: Battle of Vukovar begins, an 87-day siege of a Croatian city by the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces.
Born on August 25
1913   Walt Kelly, cartoonist who created the comic strip “Pogo.”
1918   Leonard Bernstein, conductor, composer and pianist.
1919   George C. Wallace, governor of Alabama and presidential candidate.
1921   Brian Moore, Irish novelist (The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne).
1927   Althea Gibson, African American tennis player, the first to play at the U.S. Open and Wimbledon.
1930   Sean Connery, Scottish actor famous for playing the character James Bond in the Ian Fleming movie series.
1933   Wayne Shorter, jazz saxophonist and composer.
1938   Frederick Forsyth, author of thrillers (The Day of the Jackal, The Odessa File).
1949   Martin Amis, English novelist (Money, Time’s Arrow).
1949   John Savage, actor (The Deer Hunter).
1949   Gene Simmons, singer, songwriter; member of the band Kiss, one of the top-selling bands of all time.
1954   Elvis Costello, Grammy Award–winning singer, songwriter (“Watching the Detectives”).
1958   Tim Burton, director, producer, screenwriter (Edward Scissorhands, The Nightmare Before Christmas).
1964   Blair Underwood, actor, director (L.A. Law TV series, The Second Coming); won Grammy for Best Spoken Word Album, An Inconvenient Truth.
1968   Rachel Ray, chef, author, TV host.
1987   Blake Lively, actress, model (Gossip Girl TV series, The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants).

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